Food and Behaviour Research

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The most hidden of all the hidden hungers: the global deficiency in DHA and EPA

Winkler JT (2018) World Rev Nutr Diet.  2018, 118: 123-130 

Web URL: Read the research abstract on Karger here


Two recent international studies have documented the very low intakes, almost everywhere, of the essential fats, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). These consumption levels are then contrasted with the many dietary recommendations on DHA/EPA around the world.

This comparison demonstrates that most of the global population suffers a gross deficiency. The paper then reviews the policies of numerous relevant organizations who might be expected to be interested in the problem. This reveals a near universal lack of action, even awareness that there is a problem.

Finally, the paper considers the practical options of improving the global supply of DHA/EPA - fish, algae, omega-6s, and crops. The deficiency is likely to persist.


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