A diet rich in B-group vitamins is essential for optimal body and brain function, and insufficient amounts of such vitamins have been associated with higher levels of neural inflammation and oxidativestress, as marked by increased blood plasma homocysteine.
Neural biomarkers of oxidativestress quantified through proton magnetic spectroscopy (1H-MRS) are not well understood, and the relationship between such neural and bloodbiomarkers is seldom studied.
The current study addresses this gap by investigating the direct effect of 6-month high-doseB-group vitamin supplementation on neural and bloodbiomarkers of metabolism. Using a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled design, 32 healthy adults (20 female, 12 male) aged 30⁻65 years underwent blood tests (vitamin B6, vitamin B12, folate, and homocysteine levels) and 1H-MRS of the posterior cingulate cortex (PCC) and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) before and after supplementation.
Results confirmed the supplement was effective in increasing vitamin B6 and vitamin B12 levels and reducing homocysteine, whereas there was no change in folate levels. There were significant relationships between vitamin B6 and N-acetylaspartate (NAA), choline, and creatine, as well as between vitamin B12 and creatine (ps < 0.05), whereas NAA in the PCC increased, albeit not significantly (p > 0.05).
Together these data provide preliminary evidence for the efficacy of high-doseB-group supplementation in reducing oxidativestress and inflammation through increasing oxidativemetabolism. It may also promote myelination, cellular metabolism, and energy storage.
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