Food and Behaviour Research

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DSM-5 substance use disorders among college-age young adults in the United States: Prevalence, remission and treatment

Arterberry BJ, Boyd CJ, West BT, Schepis TS, McCabe SE (2019) J Am Coll Health.  2019 Apr: 1-8. doi: 10.1080/07448481.2019.1590368.  

Web URL: Read this and related abstracts on PubMed here

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the prevalenceremission, and treatment associated with DSM-5 substance use disorders (SUDs) among young adults based on college attendance.

PARTICIPANTS:

The population-based sample included 2,057 young adults aged 19-23 in college/school and 1,213 not currently attending college/school who participated from April 2012 through June 2013.

METHODS:

Face-to-face interviews were conducted as part of a cross-sectional national survey.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of any past-year DSM-5 SUD was 39.6% among young adults in college and 44.5% among those not attending college. Past-year tobacco use disorder and multiple DSM-5 SUDs were more prevalent among those not attending college. Among those with prior-to-past-year SUDs, abstinent remission was low among college (1.0%) and noncollege (1.9%) young adults.

CONCLUSIONS:

Approximately two in five U.S. college students had at least one past-year DSM-5 SUD. Sustained abstinent remission from SUDs is extremely rare (1-2%) and the majority of those with SUDs do not receive treatment.

FAB RESEARCH COMMENT:

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