Habitual consumption of poor quality diets is linked directly to risk factors for many non-communicable diseases. This has resulted in the vast majority of countries and the World Health Organization developing policies for healthy eating to reduce the prevalence of non-communicable diseases in the population. However, there is mounting evidence of variability in individual metabolic responses to any dietary intervention. We have developed a method for applying a pipeline for understanding interindividual differences in response to diet, based on coupling data from highly controlled dietary studies with deep metabolic phenotyping. In this feasibility study, we create an individual Dietary Metabotype Score (DMS) that embodies interindividual variability in dietary response and captures consequent dynamic changes in concentrations of urinary metabolites. We find an inverse relationship between the DMS and blood glucose concentration. There is also a relationship between the DMS and urinary metabolic energy loss. Furthermore, we use a metabolic entropy approach to visualize individual and collective responses to dietary interventions. Potentially, the DMS offers a method to target and to enhance dietary response at the individual level, thereby reducing the burden of non-communicable diseases at the population level.