Food and Behaviour Research

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Is your child a fussy eater? Top tips to help get them back on track

University of South Australia

family meal

Positive parenting is the best step forward for fussy eaters - no matter how difficult it can be in certain situation


This new study provides some simple guidance to help the many parents of children whose 'fussy' or 'picky' eating falls within a fairly normal range - and there are many, many of them.

A fear of new, unfamiliar foods (known as 'neophobia') is part of perfectly normal development for most young children. But for some, fussy eating patterns can persists - for many different reasons - and mealtimes can then become a battleground, making daily life stressful for all concerned - the children themselves, their parents and other family members.

Unfortunately, the more stress that this creates, the worse things can get - so as this article makes clear, some simple, basic groundrules can help to break the vicious circle that parents and families of children with 'fussy eating' can find themselves in.

For many children this may be enough. However, for others - whose selective eating is extreme, and persistent - specialist help may be needed to avoid serious malnutrition, which can cause permament damage if this goes unrecognised and untreated for long enough.

Of the minority of children with extreme problems of this kind, most would meet criteria for the relatively new diagnosis of 'Avoidant Restrictive Food Intake Disorder' (ARFID) - which seems particularly common in children with Autism Spectrum Disorders, although is not confined to this or any other group.  Such cases can beneft from specialist help both with behavioural and psychological issues involved (which can vary between individuals), but also need nutritional support, at least in the short-term. 

For the related research article please see:

See also:

And for more information on selective eating, see:

21/09/21 - Medical Xpress

Whether it's an exclusive appetite for 'white' foods or an all-out refusal on veggies, when you have a fussy eater on your hands, mealtime can be more than a challenge.
While picky eating is all part of the norm for developing toddlers, when it extends into school years, it takes a toll on all involved, children and parents alike.
Now, new research from USC, the University of South Australia, and the University of Queensland is providing a better understanding of what influences fussy eaters, and what is more likely to increase or decrease picky eating in children under 10.
Reviewing 80 health industry studies, the research found that a range of factors contributed to a child's likelihood of being a fussy eater.
The study found that pressuring a child to eat, offering rewards for eating, very strict parenting all negatively influenced fussy eaters. Conversely, a more relaxed parenting style, eating together as a family, and involving a child in the preparation if food all reduced the likelihood of fussy eating.
Lead researcher and USC Ph.D. student Laine Chilman says the research hopes to help parents and carers better understand fussy eating in children.
"For parents with a fussy eater, mealtimes can be especially stressful—juggling the family meal and a picky eater is no small feat," Chilman says.
"Some families have kids who turn their noses up at any vegetable. Others are dealing with kids who dislike certain textures or colors of food."
"Some of these preferences relate to a child's characteristics or personality, which are difficult to change, if at all. But others are external factors that could help reduce fussy eating in kids."
"Eating together as a family, with siblings, and having a single meal at a regular time all helped reduce food fussiness. As did getting the fussy child involved in the meal, either by helping to choose the menu, or helping to prepare the meal."
"Yet if fussy eaters were allowed to eat in front of the TV, or if they were rewarded for eating certain foods, these behaviors negatively influenced picky children."
According to the Australian Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, most children do not meet recommended diet and nutrition guidelines.
UniSA researcher Dr. Ann Kennedy-Behr says stress can contribute to fussy eating.
"When you have a child who is a picky eater, it's very stressful for a parent or carer—they're forever questioning whether their child is getting enough nutrients, enough food, and often enough weight gain," Dr. Kennedy-Behr says.
"Yet it's important to understand that being overtly anxious or worried can actually contribute to increased picky eating."
"Avoiding getting cross and limiting any negativity around mealtime will be benefit everyone."
"Positive parenting, no matter how difficult it can be in certain situations, is the best step forward for fussy eaters."
Top tips to help a fussy eater
  1. Set a good example: a family that eats together has better eating habits
  2. Schedule regular mealtimes: regular mealtimes reduce levels of stress.
  3. Get kids involved with food preparation: familiarity and a sense of control can help
  4. Try to have one mealtime: a separate kids' sitting encourages fussy eating
  5. Turn the TV off: focus on food, not on screens
  6. Try to keep mealtimes calm and stress free: will be a better experience for all.
  7. Remove rewards or bribes or punishments for fussy eaters.