Food and Behaviour Research

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Babies in the womb react differently to flavours

Repeated exposure to flavours before birth could help to establish food preferences post-birth - this could be important with regards to healthy eating messaging and the potential for avoiding 'food-fussiness' when weaning."

Nutritional Treatments: The Next Frontier in Psychiatry

Although a whole-foods diet is essential for mental health, empirical studies support the benefit of micronutrient supplementation as an addition to a whole-foods diet in individuals with a range of mental health concerns.

Rebound weight gain in children with obesity linked to disconnect between brain and gut

During weight loss intervention, your body acts to conserve fat through maintaining hunger responses in the brain, and that this needs to be addressed, perhaps through drug treatment, for successful and sustained weight loss in children with obesity, according to recent research.

Counting cravings for coffee and soft drinks

The number of soft drink cravings predicted the total amount of soft drink drunk, with cravings triggered by a number of factors beyond thirst.

Pregnant women with obesity and diabetes may be more likely to have a child with ADHD

Children of women with gestational diabetes and obesity may be twice as likely to develop attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) compared to those whose mothers did not have obesity, according to new research.

B12 deficiency and Nitrous oxide: neurologists report a worrying rise in young people with paralysis

Nitrous oxide (also known as nos, whippits and laughing gas) causes nerve damage because it inactivates vitamin B12. When vitamin B12 is lacking or when it becomes inactivated, the nerves malfunction and people become unsteady or paralysed.

'Gateway' foods like candy may lead to unhealthy teen eating

Certain ultra-processed foods, such as candy, pastries and frozen desserts, may be "gateway" foods for adolescents, leading them to eat higher quantities of other unhealthy foods, according to new research.

Study calls for change in guidance about eating fish during pregnancy

The guidance for pregnancy should highlight 'Eat at least two portions of fish a week, one of which should be oily'—and omit all warnings that certain fish should not be eaten.

Higher dose of omega-3 fatty acid reduced Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) in overweight adults at 12 weeks

Doses of EPA higher than the usually recommended 1-2 grams per day may be more effective for depression in some patients with obesity and chronic inflammation.

Is Some Depression Actually Insulin Resistance?

This post summarizes some of the latest science about insulin resistance and how it is a largely unrecognized cause of depression symptoms.

Origins of Health How Important Is Iron for the Developing Brain?

Iron deficiency in infancy and early childhood is associated with long-term cognitive, social, and emotional problems

8 Foods That Contribute to Anxiety and Depression

Individuals reporting higher intakes of ultra-processed foods (UPF) were significantly more likely to report mild depression, more mentally unhealthy and more anxious days, according to this new study.

Could consuming processed foods contribute to poor mental health?

Individuals who consume higher amounts of ultra-processed food have more adverse mental health symptoms, according to new research.

Diet can influence mood, behavior and more – a neuroscientist explains

"There is an intimate connection between food and the brain, one that researchers like me are working to unravel. As a scientist who studies the neuroscience of nutrition at the University of Michigan, I am primarily interested in how components of food and their breakdown products can alter the genetic instructions that control our physiology."

Fish oil may blunt inflammatory response to high fat/high sugar diet

Omega-3s can blunt the worst of the chronic inflammation caused by diets high in sugar and fat, a new study in mice has suggested.

Two surprising reasons behind the obesity epidemic: Too much salt, not enough water

The role of dehydration as a contributor to obesity should not be underestimated. It commonly occurs after eating salty foods. Both dehydration and salt consumption lead to the production of fructose and fat.

Sweetness that comes at a price: Sugar substitutes may affect the human body in unanticipated ways

A controlled trial suggests that non-nutritive sweeteners affect the human gut microbes and may alter glucose metabolism; the effects vary greatly among individuals

Vitamin D supplements reduce depressive symptoms in adults - new meta-analysis

An extensive meta-analysis suggests that vitamin D supplementation may alleviate depressive symptoms in adults with depression. Conducted by an international team of researchers, the meta-analysis includes dozens of studies from around the world.

Ultra-processed foods make up almost two-thirds of Britain's school meals

Children in England consume very high levels of ultra-processed foods, and it is worrying that meals consumed at school contribute to this. Our findings call for urgent policy changes to improve the accessibility and quality of school meals.