Food and Behaviour Research

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Study reveals connection between gut bacteria and vitamin D levels

This study suggests that it doesn't matter how much vitamin D you get through sunlight or supplementation, nor how much your body can store. It matters how well your body is able to metabolize that into active vitamin D

Gut microbes: The key to normal sleep.... IN MICE

This detailed study in mice revealed the extent to which bacteria can change the environment and contents of the intestines, which ultimately impacts behaviors like sleep.

Teens' ultra-processed diet puts their hearts at risk

Adolescents get about two-thirds of their calories from ultra-processed food!

Cocoa flavanols boost brain oxygenation, cognition in healthy adults

After ingesting the cocoa flavanols, participants performed better on the most challenging cognitive tests, correctly solving problems 11% faster than they did at baseline.

Nutrient deficiency risks associated with veganism, study finds: ‘Vitamin B12 is well supplemented, iodine is a matter of concern’

People who follow strict vegan diets – excluding intake of all animal-based foods - have an increased risk of iodine deficiency, BfR researchers have found.

Study discovers microbiome modulation possibilities in obese population

Over the past decade, gut microbiota have been suggested to be an important contributor to the development of obesity and metabolic disease.

Gut immune cells may help send multiple sclerosis into remission

An international research team has shown, for the first time, that gut immune cells travel to the brain during multiple sclerosis (MS) flare-ups in patients.

Can memory manipulation help treat alcohol addiction?

Alcohol withdrawal directly impacts the brain's stress and memory systems, which may underlie individual susceptibility to persistent drug and alcohol-seeking behaviors.

Changes to the brain's reward system may drive overeating in mice

Intertwining food and reward can lead to overeating and may be a contributing factor to diet-induced obesity.

Cannabinoids may help limit secondary damage of TBIs

In the hours and days after a traumatic brain injury, inflammation inside the brain can accelerate to the point that more brain damage occurs, says a scientist working to better understand the acceleration and whether interventions like cannabinoids can improve patient outcomes.

Childhood lead exposure leads to structural changes in middle-aged brains

This study showed that there were deficits and differences in the overall structure of the brain decades after lead exposure

Link between Alzheimer's disease and gut microbiota is confirmed

This study confirms the correlation between an imbalance in the gut microbiota and the development of amyloid plaques in the brain, which are at the origin of the neurodegenerative disorders characteristic of Alzheimer's disease.

Time to add some sunshine (vitamin D) to milk and bread

Taking vitamin D reduces the risk of fractures, improves muscle function, and may even reduce the risk of death from some cancers. With all these benefits, why oppose fortifying essential foods with vitamin D?

Americans don’t eat enough fish and miss out on robust health benefits

Eating fish can provide powerful advantages for the heart and brain, yet we eat less than half of the 26 pounds per year that experts recommend.

Study: Fructose syrup disrupts gut microbiome but fruit can undo negative effects

A high-fructose syrup diet negatively disrupts the gut microbiome but a diet high in fruit modulates it favourably, supporting digestive health and counteracting harmful effects of excessive fructose, according to a pilot intervention study.

Studying Greek Extra Virgin Olive Oil's effects on mild cognitive impairment

Greek researchers and clinicians investigated for the first time the effect of Extra Virgin Olive Oil versus the Mediterranean Diet as a therapeutic pharmaceutical natural compound for older adults with amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment.

Diet and lifestyle during pregnancy linked to modifications in infants' DNA

A new study has shown pregnant women with obesity could reduce the health risks for their infants through improved diet and more physical activity.

LipiDiDiet finds broadly sustainable effects of nutrient intervention in early Alzheimer's

Trial participants who received a multinutrient formulation showed a significantly less rapid deterioration in cognitive performance than the patients in a control group, who received only a placebo.

Mothers' lifestyle predicts when offspring will have first heart attack or stroke

Offspring of mothers with heart healthy lifestyles live nearly a decade longer without cardiovascular disease than those whose mothers have unhealthy lifestyles.