Food and Behaviour Research

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Clear evidence for a link between pro-inflammatory diets and 27 chronic diseases. Here’s how you can eat better

The “Western diet” which consists of calorie-dense, ultra-processed foods and is low in fruits, vegetables and other plant-foods, has been linked to higher levels of inflammation.

Sapped: Exploring potential connections between devitalizing anaemia and insomnia

In this study severe anemia significantly increased the odds of insomnia relative to mild and moderate anaemia. The risk was found to be higher in men than in women.

Omega-3 supplements do double duty in protecting against stress

A high daily dose of an omega-3 supplement may help slow the effects of ageing by suppressing damage and boosting protection at the cellular level during and after a stressful event.

Researchers find negative impact of junk food on kids' skeletal development

This study concluded that even in reduced amounts, ultra-processed foods had a definite negative impact on skeletal growth.

Supplement treats schizophrenia in mice, restores healthy 'dance' and structure of neurons

We know that the amount of betaine decreases in schizophrenia patients' brains, so this study strongly suggests betaine could be therapeutic for at least some kinds of schizophrenia.

Call for urgent action on energy drinks as new UK research reveals daily use among young people

Marketing campaigns for energy drinks are often aimed at those from more disadvantaged backgrounds. They are also an affordable choice and regularly available at cheaper prices than bottles of water.

Keto diet found to ease alcohol withdrawal symptoms

Prior research has shown that when people become dependent on alcohol for a long enough period of time, their body begins to use less glucose for energy—instead, it begins to use acetate, which the body makes by metabolizing alcohol. The lack of acetate in the body that leads to the types of cravings associated with alcohol withdrawal symptoms.

New research reveals why some of us are hungry all the time

Sugar dips are a better predictor of hunger and subsequent calorie intake than the initial blood sugar peak response after eating, changing how we think about the relationship between blood sugar levels and the food we eat.

Fruits, veggies could help young adults improve sleep

Women who were able to increase their fruit and vegetable intake by three or more servings over a three-month period were more than twice as likely to experience an improvement in insomnia symptoms.

Researchers call for clearer disclosures about added sugars, diet sweeteners and percent juice on product packages

Current labeling regulations and practices fail to give parents and caregivers adequate information, and likely contribute to widespread consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks by young children, according to new research.

Gut microbiome plays role in autism

This is the first study to relate severity of behavior symptoms to gut microbiome composition within individuals over time and suggests a dynamic relationship between ASD-associated symptoms and gut microbes.

New research on Alzheimer's disease shows 'lifestyle origin at least in some degree'

A new study finds novel cellular-level support for an alternate theory that is growing in strength: Alzheimer's could actually be a result of metabolic dysfunction in the brain. In other words, there is growing evidence that diet and lifestyle are at the heart of Alzheimer's disease.

Sugar not so nice for your child's brain development

New research has shown in a rodent model that daily consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages during adolescence impairs performance on a learning and memory task during adulthood.

How the gut microbiota develops in the first five years of life

A new study has found that the human gut microbiota largely reaches an adult-like composition by five years of age, but important differences remain. Several bacterial taxa that have been associated with human health are acquired late in childhood and have not reached their adult abundance by five years of age.

Maternal exposure to chemicals linked to autistic-like behaviours in children

The researchers found that higher maternal concentrations of cadmium, lead, and some phthalates in blood or urine samples was associated with increased SRS scores, and these associations were particularly strong among children with a higher degree of autistic-like behaviors.

Autism more common in children in England than previously thought – study

Analysis of data from more than 7 million schoolchildren in England not only reveals ASD is more common than previously thought, but that there are striking differences in ASD prevalence around the country, and between different groups.

Titanium Teeth

Titanium dioxide is used to make toothpaste brighter and whiter; and it is also used to colour paint, paper, cosmetics, pills and food, where it is known as E171. In fact, TiO2 is everywhere. It has been around for a century, and until recently was considered inert and safe.

Autism: Parents of blind girl want better vitamin A testing

Wider research is needed to better understand which patient groups are more at risk of developing nutritional deficiencies caused by a restrictive diet, to further inform treatment and support as appropriate.

Study shows DHA supplement may offset impact of maternal stress on unborn males

According to a new study, a maternal diet enriched with preformed DHA during periods of high stress showed partial rescue of stress-dependent dysregulation of gene expression in the placenta.

The Gut-Brain Axis Is More Important Than We Thought

Gut-brain research continues to provide extraordinary insight into the effect microbes have on our mental health, and a new Chinese study ups the ante.