Food and Behaviour Research

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Insufficient sleep in children is associated with poor diet, obesity and more screen time

A new study conducted among more than 177,000 students suggests that insufficient sleep duration is associated with an unhealthy lifestyle profile among children and adolescents.

12 November 2018 - Sustain - Public Health and Agriculture Policy: Why we need a new clause linking public health and farming

Action is needed beyond the farm gate to curb the processing and marketing of unhealthy or unsafe foods. But it is also vital to ensure farm policy promotes healthy food production and does not support continued production of foods or systems that contribute to unhealthy or unsafe diets which have a huge societal and economic cost.

11 Nov 2018 - The Guardian - How we fell out of love with milk

Soya, almond, oat... Whether for health issues, animal welfare or the future of the planet, ‘alt-milks’ have never been more popular. Are we approaching dairy’s final days?

9 November 2018 - MedicalXpress - Vitamin C protects brain from seizures

Alzheimer's patients are five to 10 times more likely to suffer unprovoked seizures compared to healthy individuals. Alzheimer's patients often also have reduced levels of ascorbate, or vitamin C.

9 November 2018 - MedicalXpress - Autism is associated with zinc deficiency in early development - now a study links the two

Although it is unclear whether zinc deficiency contributes to autism, scientists have now defined in detail a possible mechanistic link. Their research shows how zinc shapes the connections or 'synapses' between brain cells that form during early development, via a complex molecular machinery encoded by autism risk genes.

8 November 2018 - Science Daily - Study calls for sugar tax

People who drink sugary beverages are more likely to eat fast food and confectionery and less likely to make healthy dietary choices, new research has found.

5 November 2018 - MedicalXpress - Drinking coffee may reduce your chances of developing Alzheimer's, Parkinson's

This study suggests there could be more to that morning coffee than a boost in energy and attention. The popular brew may also protect you against developing both Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease.

4 November 2018 - Science Daily - Trial finds diet rich in fish helps fight asthma

A clinical trial has shown eating oily fish such as mackerel, salmon, trout and sardines as part of a healthy diet can reduce asthma symptoms in children.

2 November 2018 - Science Daily - Can chocolate, tea, coffee and zinc help make you more healthy?

Ageing and a low life expectancy are caused, at least partly, by oxidative stress. Scientists have discovered that zinc can activate an organic molecule found in coffee and tea, helping to protect against oxidative stress.

2 November 2018 - MedicalXpress - Study suggests childhood obesity linked to poor school performance and coping skills

A new study suggests that childhood obesity, now at epidemic levels in the United States, may affect school performance and coping skills for challenging situations.

How diet impacts health and well-being

From the standpoint of heart health, the Tsimane are a model group. A population indigenous to the Bolivian Amazon, the Tsimane demonstrate next to no heart disease. They have minimal hypertension, low prevalence of obesity and and their cholesterol levels are relatively healthy. And those factors don't seem to change with age.

1 November 2018 - The Conversation - Moving to another country could mess with your gut bacteria

Moving to a new country can be challenging, not just for us but also for our bacteria. A compelling new study published in Cell suggests migration between certain countries can profoundly affect the bacteria that live in our digestive systems, with important implications for our health.

1 November 2018 - Science Daily - Hot brew coffee has higher levels of antioxidants than cold brew

Comparing the properties of cold- and hot-brew coffee, researchers found similar acidity in both, but higher antioxidant levels in hot coffee.

25 October 2018 - BioSpace - Omega-3 DHA in Phospholipid Form May Bypass Faulty Brain Transport in Alzheimer's Disease

A recent review suggests that a phospholipid form of omega-3 in fish and fish roe may reduce Alzheimer's disease risk in APOE4 carriers.

25 October 2018 - Nutraingredients - Study unlocks potential anti-inflammatory action of ETA omega-3

EPA and DHA omega-3 are well known, but what about ETA? A new study from Canada indicates that ETA (eicosatetraenoic acid, 20:4) may convert into two novel compounds associated with inflammation management.

29 October 2018 - MedicalXpress - Breast milk, formula nurture similarities, differences in gut microbes

A new study finds that while formula and breast milk encourage the growth of similar kinds of bacteria in babies' digestive tracts, the bacteria work differently. The health implications of these differences are as yet unclear.

29 October 2018 - Science Daily - Studies raise questions over how epigenetic information is inherited

Evidence has been building in recent years that our diet, our habits or traumatic experiences can have consequences for the health of our children -- and even our grandchildren. The explanation that has gained most currency for how this occurs is so-called 'epigenetic inheritance' - patterns of chemical 'marks' on or around our DNA that are hypothesized to be passed down the generations. New research suggests this mechanism of non-genetic inheritance is likely to be very rare.

29 October 2018 - Nutraingredients - Big data insights driving funding for EU microbiome research - MyNewGut Project

The number of health-related microbiome projects has almost doubled in the last three years, with EU funding almost twice that of non-health related gut research. "Personalised nutrition" is one of the endgames.

29 October 2018 - Futurity - Good Cholesterol May Cut Women's Dementia Risk

Two recent studies shed light on which women are most at risk of developing dementia, and how we can prevent or delay the disease early.

Three distinct stages in infant microbiome development identified

Researchers explored the sequence of microbial colonization in the infant gut through age 4 and found distinct stages of development in the microbiome that were associated with early life exposures.