Food and Behaviour Research

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19 November 2018 - Vox.com - Do fish oil supplements work? Science keeps giving us slippery answers

Two new studies came to opposite conclusions about preventing heart disease with fish oil. What the heck is going on? Factors such as quality and dosage are at play, muddying the waters.


16 November 2018 - MedicalXpress - A low-gluten, high-fiber diet may be healthier than gluten-free

When healthy people eat a low-gluten and fibre-rich diet compared with a high-gluten diet, they experience less intestinal discomfort including less bloating. Researchers at University of Copenhagen show that this is due to changes of the composition and function of gut bacteria.


16 November 2018 - MedicalXpress - A gut bacterium as a fountain of youth? Well, let's start with reversing insulin resistance

Akkermansia muciniphila inhabits the large intestine and is thought to account for between 1 percent and 5 percent of all intestinal bacteria in adults. Scientists suspect it helps preserve the coat of mucus that lines the walls of our intestines. It may also play a role in making the polyphenols we eat in plant-based foods more available to our cells.


16 November 2018 - Nutrition Insight - Sugar crash? Alarming levels of sugar in milkshakes, UK lobby group says

Milkshakes with “alarmingly high” levels of sugar are being sold across UK high street restaurants and fast food chains, according to a survey by UK lobby group Action on Sugar.


15 November 2018 - The Conversation - Omega-3 supplements in pregnancy reduce the risk of premature birth

Pregnant women who increase their intake of omega-3 long-chain fatty acids are less likely to have a premature birth, according to a new Cochrane Review, updating initial research carried out in 2006.


15 November 2018 - Mad In America - Study Explores Connections Between Diet and ‘Serious Mental Illnesses’

Study finds that individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and depression have diets that are more inflammatory and higher in calories.


15 November 2018 - Science Daily - Gut hormone and brown fat interact to tell the brain it's time to stop eating

Researchers have shown that so-called 'brown fat' interacts with the gut hormone secretin in mice to relay nutritional signals about fullness to the brain during a meal. The study bolsters our understanding of a long-suspected role of brown adipose tissue (BAT) - a type of body fat known to generate heat when an animal is cold - in the control of food intake.


14 November 2018 - The Conversation - Why some people overeat when they’re upset

Why do some people manage their emotions with food while others don’t? One psychological concept that helps to explain this difference is 'adult attachment orientation'.


12 November 2018 - Science Daily - Insufficient sleep in children is associated with poor diet, obesity and more screen time

A new study conducted among more than 177,000 students suggests that insufficient sleep duration is associated with an unhealthy lifestyle profile among children and adolescents.


12 November 2018 - Sustain - Public Health and Agriculture Policy: Why we need a new clause linking public health and farming

Action is needed beyond the farm gate to curb the processing and marketing of unhealthy or unsafe foods. But it is also vital to ensure farm policy promotes healthy food production and does not support continued production of foods or systems that contribute to unhealthy or unsafe diets which have a huge societal and economic cost.


11 Nov 2018 - The Guardian - How we fell out of love with milk

Soya, almond, oat... Whether for health issues, animal welfare or the future of the planet, ‘alt-milks’ have never been more popular. Are we approaching dairy’s final days?


9 November 2018 - MedicalXpress - Vitamin C protects brain from seizures

Alzheimer's patients are five to 10 times more likely to suffer unprovoked seizures compared to healthy individuals. Alzheimer's patients often also have reduced levels of ascorbate, or vitamin C.


9 November 2018 - MedicalXpress - Autism is associated with zinc deficiency in early development - now a study links the two

Although it is unclear whether zinc deficiency contributes to autism, scientists have now defined in detail a possible mechanistic link. Their research shows how zinc shapes the connections or 'synapses' between brain cells that form during early development, via a complex molecular machinery encoded by autism risk genes.


8 November 2018 - Science Daily - Study calls for sugar tax

People who drink sugary beverages are more likely to eat fast food and confectionery and less likely to make healthy dietary choices, new research has found.


5 November 2018 - MedicalXpress - Drinking coffee may reduce your chances of developing Alzheimer's, Parkinson's

This study suggests there could be more to that morning coffee than a boost in energy and attention. The popular brew may also protect you against developing both Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease.


4 November 2018 - Science Daily - Trial finds diet rich in fish helps fight asthma

A clinical trial has shown eating oily fish such as mackerel, salmon, trout and sardines as part of a healthy diet can reduce asthma symptoms in children.


2 November 2018 - Science Daily - Can chocolate, tea, coffee and zinc help make you more healthy?

Ageing and a low life expectancy are caused, at least partly, by oxidative stress. Scientists have discovered that zinc can activate an organic molecule found in coffee and tea, helping to protect against oxidative stress.


2 November 2018 - MedicalXpress - Study suggests childhood obesity linked to poor school performance and coping skills

A new study suggests that childhood obesity, now at epidemic levels in the United States, may affect school performance and coping skills for challenging situations.


2 November 2018 - Science Daily - How diet impacts health and well-being

From the standpoint of heart health, the Tsimane are a model group. A population indigenous to the Bolivian Amazon, the Tsimane demonstrate next to no heart disease. They have minimal hypertension, low prevalence of obesity and and their cholesterol levels are relatively healthy. And those factors don't seem to change with age.


1 November 2018 - The Conversation - Moving to another country could mess with your gut bacteria

Moving to a new country can be challenging, not just for us but also for our bacteria. A compelling new study published in Cell suggests migration between certain countries can profoundly affect the bacteria that live in our digestive systems, with important implications for our health.