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Women need better information about drinking in pregnancy

How much do you know about the guidance on drinking in pregnancy? Most are aware of the “don’t drink” message. But if you’re an expectant mother, or someone who’s job involves giving advice, our new study shows that the abstinence message can feel too simplistic.

Study finds vitamin D supplement decreases wheezing for black preterm infants

African American infants born prematurely are at higher risk for recurrent wheezing. This condition can cause the baby discomfort and is a risk factor for developing asthma later in life. There are no widely-accepted therapies to prevent prematurity-associated wheezing.

16 May 2018 - MedicalXpress - For older adults, a better diet may prevent brain shrinkage

People who eat a diet rich in vegetables, fruit, nuts and fish may have bigger brains, according to a study published in the May 16, 2018, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Autism is not linked to eating fish in pregnancy

A major study examining the fish-eating habits of pregnant women has found that they are not linked to autism or autistic traits in their children. Scientists looked at the assumption that mercury exposure during pregnancy is a major cause of autism using evidence from nearly 4,500 women who took part in the Children of the '90s study.

20 May 2018 - Forbes - New Advisory: Eat Fish Twice A Week To Lower Risk Of Heart Attack And Stroke -- What You Should Know

Two servings of oily fish per week can significantly reduce risk of heart attack and stroke, even for those who aren’t eating an especially healthy diet, according to a new science advisory from the American Heart Association (AHA).

How the gut influences neurologic disease

A study published this week in Nature sheds new light on the connection between the gut and the brain, untangling the complex interplay that allows the byproducts of microorganisms living in the gut to influence the progression of neurodegenerative diseases.

15 May 2018 - MedicalXpress - Some calories more harmful than others

While calories from any food have the potential to increase the risk of obesity and other cardiometabolic diseases, 22 nutrition researchers agree that sugar-sweetened beverages play a unique role in chronic health problems. The disease risk increases even when the beverages are consumed within diets that do not result in weight gain.

15 May 2018 - MedicalXpress - An energy dense diet changes the brain and increases urge to eat

Research by Stephanie Borgland at the University of Calgary shows that giving rats unrestricted access to unhealthy foods for extended periods not only leads to obesity, but also to brain changes that makes food more attractive to them, even when their hunger should be satisfied.

15 May 2018 - Nutraingredients - NIH-funded study suggests fish oil, blueberry supplementation linked to improved cognitive performance in older adults

Researchers found that, when participants were given blueberry powder or fish oil capsules, both may boost cognitive performance. Supplementing the two as a combo, however, did not provide an additive benefit as they had expected.

14 May 2018 - The Guardian - Industrial trans fats must be removed from food supply, WHO says

UN health agency says trans fats in snack foods, baked foods and fried foods are responsible for 500,000 deaths each year.

ADHD Symptoms Directly Relate to Binge and Restrictive Eating

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms have a direct relationship to both binge and restrictive eating, a new study concluded.

10 May 2018 - Science Daily - Prenatal marijuana use can affect infant size, behavior, study finds

Smoking during pregnancy has well-documented negative effects on birth weight in infants and is linked to several childhood health problems. Now, researchers have found that prenatal marijuana use also can have consequences on infants' weight and can influence behavior problems, especially when combined with tobacco use.

2 May 2018 - The Conversation - High-dose vitamin D could be a game changer in treating severe malnutrition

High-dose vitamin D supplements improve weight gain and help with the development of language and motor skills in severely malnourished children, our latest study has found.

2 May 2018 - The Conversation - Folic acid in pregnancy: MTHFR gene explains why benefits may differ

Recently, it has been claimed that the “one-size-fits-all” approach to folic acid in pregnancy may be wrong and that some women may benefit more from alternative supplements. Specifically, it has been found that forms of a certain gene that vary among people, may affect how the body utilises folic acid.

1 May 2018 - Questioning Answers - Pregnancy diet and offspring "hyperactivity-inattention symptoms"?

Questioning Answers looks at a study investigating the role of maternal diet during pregnancy in symptoms of hyperactivity-inattention and conduct problems, in children aged 3 to 8.

1 May 2018 - The Conversation - Want to eat better? You might be able to train yourself to change your tastes

Today, in Western societies, delicious foods are abundant and people are consuming more energy than ever, leading to an obesity epidemic. Our taste system’s drive to eat more energy-dense foods than we need is part of the problem.

24 April 2018 - BBC - How bacteria are changing your mood

If anything makes us human it's our minds, thoughts and emotions. And yet a controversial new concept is emerging that claims gut bacteria are an invisible hand altering our brains. Science is piecing together how the trillions of microbes that live on and in all of us - our microbiome - affect our physical health.

27 April 2018 - Nutraingredients - Lancet nutrition series: Pre-pregnancy supplementation ‘insufficient’ to boost offspring health

Micronutrient supplementation started in pregnancy can correct important maternal nutrient deficiencies, but it is not sufficient to improve child health, according to research in The Lancet.

26 April 2018 - Nutraingredients - Not just fish oil: Fish protein could help prevent Parkinson's, says study

While omega 3-rich fish oils continue to make headlines for their many health benefits, a new study suggests a specific protein found in certain fish might also be a boon for the prevention of Parkinson's.

26 April 2018 - Sustain - Children's Food Campaign launches parental survey on Junk Food Marketing

A new Parents' Jury survey wants to hear your views on how far advertising and promotions of unhealthy foods are influencing children's food preferences, and what you would like to see companies and the government do about junk food marketing.