Food and Behaviour Research

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Could vitamin D help ward off suicide?

In a study of 1 million U.S. veterans, those prescribed vitamin D were nearly 50% less likely to attempt suicide over eight years, versus those who were not prescribed the supplements.

Youth binge drinking linked to gut microbiome changes

"This study demonstrates that the most common pattern of alcohol misuse during early adulthood is linked with gut microbiome alterations, even before an addiction develops. Furthermore, it highlights the importance of the gut microbiome in regulating craving, social cognition and emotional functioning."

Autism tied to higher risk for developing cardiometabolic disease

Study results suggest that having autism may be associated with a higher risk of developing diabetes, dyslipidemia, and heart disease.

Offspring obesity: review stresses “urgent need” to address maternal vitamin D deficiencies

“These results indicate that the effect of vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy on the development of adipose tissue in offspring may be potentially long-term and may eventually make offspring predisposed to obesity more easily,”

Magnesium: what you need to know about this important micronutrient

Left unchecked, a magnesium deficiency is associated with an increased risk of certain chronic illnesses, including cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, type 2 diabetes, migraine and Alzheimer’s disease.

WEBINAR - Selective or 'fussy' eating - a masterclass: Avoiding mealtime meltdowns, and motivating healthier food choices

David Rex, RD, and Dr Alex Richardson discuss the latest evidence-based research into what shapes children’s food preferences – with a focus on the areas of selective (‘fussy’ or ‘picky’) eating, and Avoidant Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID).

Hydration, and Low fat vs Low carb diets? Learning more about the endocrine system could lead to fewer cases of type 2 diabetes and obesity

How much water do we need to drink to stay healthy? How do different diets affect our metabolism? Studies of various hormones in the body are providing diabetes researchers with new answers to these questions.

Healthy lifestyle linked to slower memory decline in older adults

Even for carriers of the apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene—the strongest known risk factor for Alzheimer's disease and related dementias—a healthy lifestyle was found to slow memory loss.

Study shows impact of vitamin D, thyroid hormones on child development

"The study found multiple associations between umbilical cord essential and toxic elements, thyroid levels and Vitamin D on childhood development for a pronounced time after birth."

Mother's health, diet during pregnancy may impact child's later neurodevelopment

An overall good quality of diet and higher fish consumption during pregnancy may result in more favourable cognitive and language skills when the child is 2-year-old.

Are plant-based meats really better for us than the real thing?

Solely relying on meat alternatives as a direct replacement for meat could lead to iron, zinc and B12 deficiencies over time if you are not boosting your intake of these essential nutrients from other sources or taking supplements

The role of omega-3 and omega-6 metabolites during pregnancy

Normal pregnancy relies on inflammation for implantation, placentation, and parturition, but uncontrolled inflammation can lead to poor maternal and infant outcomes. Maternal diet is one modifiable factor that can impact inflammation

Colds, flu and COVID: How diet and lifestyle can boost your immune system

There are many things we can do to support our immune system and even improve its function. Simple changes to your diet and lifestyle can all play a big role in helping you avoid getting sick.

9 Things That Your Food Might Say About Your Personality

These findings indicate the importance of personality in our food preferences and could lead to effective ways of encouraging people to eat healthier foods.

Can diet combined with drugs reduce seizures?

Following a modified Atkins diet high in fat and low in carbohydrates plus taking medication may reduce seizures in people with tough-to-treat epilepsy, according to new research.

Bad diets are not just for Christmas – they’re for life

Let’s panic less about what we consume in a particular week of the year and focus more on our diets generally. We need to focus on our sugar intake across the year and the effect it has on our children’s health, wealth and happiness.

COVID and your gut: how a healthy microbiome can reduce the severity of infection – and vice versa

COVID infection could affect the balance of bacteria in the gut, which might go some way to explaining why some people have persistent symptoms after a COVID infection.

Some guts are better than others at harvesting energy, study shows

The research is a step towards understanding why some people gain more weight than others, even when they eat the same foods.

Fatty liver disease endangers brain health

Cutting down the amount of sugar and fat in our diets is not only important for tackling obesity, but also for protecting the liver to maintain brain health and minimise the risk of developing conditions like depression and dementia during ageing.

Does diabetes during pregnancy increase the risk of neurodevelopmental conditions in children?

New research has revealed a link between maternal diabetes during pregnancy and a range of neurodevelopmental conditions in children - including autism, ADHD and epilepsy