Food and Behaviour Research

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Seaweed, sardines and sauerkraut: the best diet for your brain at every stage of life

It’s never too early or late to use nutrition to improve brain health. From iodine intake to avoiding ultra-processed foods, here’s what to bear in mind.

Researcher finds olive oil to improve brain health, memory in mild cognitive impairment individuals

"Based on the findings of this study and previous pre-clinical studies, we can conclude that adding olive oil to our diet could maintain a healthy brain and improve memory function."

Can certain nutrients protect against the effects of fetal alcohol exposure?

Supplementing the mother's diet with certain nutrients could be an effective preventative measure to protect embryos from accidental early foetal alcohol exposure.

Effects of single plant-based vs. animal-based meals on satiety and mood

We could not detect the profound effects of plant-based vs. animal-based meals on satiety and mood.

Maternal obesity can affect foetal development

Placental DNA methylation may be one of the mechanisms by which maternal obesity is associated with adverse metabolic health outcomes in childhood, although further studies would be needed to corroborate these findings.

More evidence that sugary drinks cause weight gain

Sugar sweetened beverage consumption promotes higher BMI and body weight in both children and adults, underscoring the importance of dietary guidance and public policy strategies to limit intake.

Can Mediterranean diet help people with MS preserve thinking skills?

People who more closely followed the Mediterranean diet had a 20% lower risk for cognitive impairment than people who did not follow the diet.

How diet affects a child's mental health

"In this study, we see a clear connection between what children eat during their early years and personality traits and symptoms of anxiety and depression when they are eight years old."

Study finds common artificial sweetener linked to higher rates of heart attack and stroke

"Our study shows that when participants consumed an artificially sweetened beverage with an amount of erythritol found in many processed foods, markedly elevated levels in the blood are observed for days—levels well above those observed to enhance clotting risks"

Disordered eating impacts one in five youth worldwide

Identifying the magnitude of disordered eating and its distribution in at-risk populations is crucial for planning and executing actions aimed at preventing, detecting, and dealing with them.

Surge in nitrous oxide abuse: New guidelines to help clinicians recognize cases and prevent spinal cord damage from resulting Vitamin B12 deficiency

Recreational use of nitrous oxide (also known as laughing gas) can lead to subacute combined degeneration of the spinal cord, a condition that can cause serious and permanent disability in young people.

New year health kick losing momentum? Scientists find key to curb the cravings

"The interesting thing we found is that food cravings are much higher for instantly edible foods compared to foods that needed to be cooked, chopped or peeled, or even unwrapped."

Quick and easy ready meals not the best for us—or the planet

"Emissions are nearly 40% higher for animal-based ready meals than equivalent home-cooked meals. Plant-based ready meals and equivalent home-cooked meals had comparable greenhouse gas emissions."

Study suggests fructose could drive Alzheimer's disease

"We make the case that Alzheimer's disease is driven by diet"

New study may help to explain smell challenges in individuals with autism

New research could help explain how the sense of smell is impacted in individuals with autism.

Chronic fatigue syndrome is associated with distinct changes in the microbiome

ME/CFS is associated with reduced levels in the gastrointestinal microbiome of microbes known to produce the fatty acid butyrate. These microbiome disruptions could explain in part how the immune system becomes disrupted in people with ME/CFS.

Could vitamin D help ward off suicide?

In a study of 1 million U.S. veterans, those prescribed vitamin D were nearly 50% less likely to attempt suicide over eight years, versus those who were not prescribed the supplements.

Youth binge drinking linked to gut microbiome changes

"This study demonstrates that the most common pattern of alcohol misuse during early adulthood is linked with gut microbiome alterations, even before an addiction develops. Furthermore, it highlights the importance of the gut microbiome in regulating craving, social cognition and emotional functioning."

Autism tied to higher risk for developing cardiometabolic disease

Study results suggest that having autism may be associated with a higher risk of developing diabetes, dyslipidemia, and heart disease.

Offspring obesity: review stresses “urgent need” to address maternal vitamin D deficiencies

“These results indicate that the effect of vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy on the development of adipose tissue in offspring may be potentially long-term and may eventually make offspring predisposed to obesity more easily,”