Food and Behaviour Research

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Pine Bark extract may help manage ADHD for children: Study

Pine Bark Extract appears a good alternative for MPH in paediatric ADHD and especially in the primary school environment, a fortiori when considering its almost complete lack of adverse effects.

Food for thought: Study finds link between depression and unhealthy diets

Western-style diets high in fat, sugar and processed foods were already known to increase the risk of depression, but this is the first time a biological link involving the kynurenine pathway has been established.

How bad is red meat for you? Health risks get star ratings

Research about what is healthy comes so thick and fast—red meat can appear good for you one week, stroke-inducing the next—that a confused public often struggles to keep up.

Eating well and avoiding the news gave the best mental health outcomes during COVID

During stressful periods, simple behaviours - such as following a healthy diet, spending more time outdoors, physical exercise - may prevent anxiety and depression.

A high-sugar diet decreases ability to sense sweetness in rats

Because we are mammals and our taste systems are similar to rats, this research is the best available evidence that a high-sugar diet is changing the sensory system.

A mother's ultra-processed food intake may be linked to obesity risk in her children

Maternal consumption of ultra-processed food during the child rearing period was associated with an increased risk of overweight or obesity in offspring, independent of maternal and offspring lifestyle risk factors.

ISSFAL supports 'important role’ for omega-3s for lower pre-term birth risks

Women who are low in omega-3 fatty acids will benefit most from omega-3 LCPUFA supplementation to reduce their risk of early birth. In such cases supplementation with a total of about 1,000 mg of DHA plus EPA is effective at reducing risk of early birth, preferably with supplementation commencing before 20 weeks’ gestation.

Low-calorie sugar substitute consumption during adolescence appears to impair memory later in life

A new study reveals low-calorie sugar substitutes may take a heavy toll on the developing brain and gut.

Study finds folic acid treatment is associated with decreased risk of suicide attempts

Patients who filled prescriptions for folic acid, also known as vitamin B9, experienced a 44% reduction in suicidal events (suicide attempts and intentional self-harm).

Vitamin D could alleviate depression and support women’s health

Vitamin D has a beneficial impact on both the incidence and the prognosis of depression. Whether suffering from depression or not, individuals with low vitamin D levels and all females are most likely to benefit from vitamin D supplementation.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids, and in Particular DHA, Are Associated With Increased Attention Scores in Adolescents

DHA consumption was associated with improved capacity for selective and sustained attention in adolescents, while ALA lowered impulsive behaviours.

Babies in the womb react differently to flavours

Repeated exposure to flavours before birth could help to establish food preferences post-birth - this could be important with regards to healthy eating messaging and the potential for avoiding 'food-fussiness' when weaning."

Nutritional Treatments: The Next Frontier in Psychiatry

Although a whole-foods diet is essential for mental health, empirical studies support the benefit of micronutrient supplementation as an addition to a whole-foods diet in individuals with a range of mental health concerns.

Rebound weight gain in children with obesity linked to disconnect between brain and gut

During weight loss intervention, your body acts to conserve fat through maintaining hunger responses in the brain, and that this needs to be addressed, perhaps through drug treatment, for successful and sustained weight loss in children with obesity, according to recent research.

Counting cravings for coffee and soft drinks

The number of soft drink cravings predicted the total amount of soft drink drunk, with cravings triggered by a number of factors beyond thirst.

Omega 3s may hold the secret to slowing the process of aging, experts reveal

Omega 3 fatty acids may hold the key to defying aging by extending the life and length of telomeres.

Pregnant women with obesity and diabetes may be more likely to have a child with ADHD

Children of women with gestational diabetes and obesity may be twice as likely to develop attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) compared to those whose mothers did not have obesity, according to new research.

B12 deficiency and Nitrous oxide: neurologists report a worrying rise in young people with paralysis

Nitrous oxide (also known as nos, whippits and laughing gas) causes nerve damage because it inactivates vitamin B12. When vitamin B12 is lacking or when it becomes inactivated, the nerves malfunction and people become unsteady or paralysed.

'Gateway' foods like candy may lead to unhealthy teen eating

Certain ultra-processed foods, such as candy, pastries and frozen desserts, may be "gateway" foods for adolescents, leading them to eat higher quantities of other unhealthy foods, according to new research.

Study calls for change in guidance about eating fish during pregnancy

The guidance for pregnancy should highlight 'Eat at least two portions of fish a week, one of which should be oily'—and omit all warnings that certain fish should not be eaten.