Early studies on animals have linked consumption of polyphenol-rich berries to improvements in some cognitive markers. This has warranted studies on humans, and results are shedding more light on how berries may benefit our brain health.
Paul Whiteley comments on the research paper "Neurodevelopmental effects of prenatal vitamin D in humans: systematic review and meta-analysis".
"In order to maintain a healthy heart and a healthy blood pressure, people must limit their coffees to fewer than six cups a day - based on our data six was the tipping point where caffeine started to negatively affect cardiovascular risk."
Obesity and depression have long been linked, with previous clinical studies finding an association between these two conditions. However, until now, the mechanisms of how obesity affects depression and vice versa have not been fully understood.
A recently discovered relationship between genetic variation and the bacterial balance in our gut microbiome could help nutritionists personalise their recommendations, say those behind the study.
Researchers shed further light on a set of chemical imbalances in the brains of people with schizophrenia related to the chemical glutamate, with the help of a compound derived from broccoli.
For the first time links have been observed between a nut-rich maternal diet during the first trimester of pregnancy and better outcomes after birth in cognitive function, attention capacity and long-term working memory.
For people with depression, gastrointestinal distress is a common additional burden, and a new study suggests that the two conditions sometimes arise from the same glitch in neuron chemistry - low serotonin.
Scientists have shown that transplanting gut bacteria, from a stressed to a non-stressed animal, can cause vulnerable behaviour in the recipient. The research reveals details of biological interactions between the brain and gut that may someday lead to probiotic treatments for human psychiatric disorders such as depression.
Some research suggests that following specific diets - such as elimination diets, the Few Foods diet, and the Mediterranean diet - could play a role in managing ADHD.
Children and teens who drink soft drinks containing sugar or sugar-substitutes add about 200 extra calories compared to those who don't. Nothing earth-shattering in this research, which serves to underline the health benefits of avoiding sodas and suchlike.
City’s Henry programme gives children choices while helping parents maintain boundaries
The proportion of pregnant women with obesity has doubled over the past decade, from around 22% in 2010 to 44% in 2018, according to new research.
Increased stress during university examinations is associated with eating a poorer quality diet including less fruit and vegetables and more fast food, according to a new study.
The risk of a child becoming overweight or obese is more than trebled by maternal obesity prior to getting pregnant, according to new study.
A nationally representative UK survey of children (aged 4-10 years old) has found no strong/direct link between drinking sugar sweetened beverages and greater energy consumption or higher BMI.
Parents of kids with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may change their child's diet in the hope it might ease the disorder's symptoms. But a new study suggests it might not be worth the effort.
How plant-free diets affect the brain
Obesity is linked with an increased risk of developing anxiety and depression in children and adolescents, independent of traditional risk factors such as parental psychiatric illness and socioeconomic status, according to new research.
Children with more attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms may be at higher risk for an unhealthy diet, but diet quality does not appear to affect ADHD risk, according to a new study.