Food and Behaviour Research

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8 June 2018 - MedicalXpress - Food allergies connected to children with autism spectrum disorder

A new study from the University of Iowa finds that children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are more than twice as likely to suffer from a food allergy than children who do not have ASD.


6 June 2018 - Questioning Answers - Vitamin D impacts on intestinal inflammation in 'active' ulcerative colitis: an autism research agenda item?

Researchers conclude that vitamin D supplementation is associated with reduced intestinal inflammation in patients with active Ulcerative Colitis. Paul Whiteley looks at the implications for ASD. What's the possible autism link?


5 June 2018 - MedicalXpress - 1 in 3 women experience 'loss of control' eating in pregnancy

A study of over 11,000 women found that 36.3 percent of women experienced 'loss of control' eating in pregnancy – a characteristic feature of binge eating defined as feeling out of control whilst eating, irrespective of the amount consumed.


4 June 2018 - The Conversation - Mothers who eat oily fish could boost their child’s gut health – but only if it’s a boy

Mothers who eat healthy fats from oily fish may help their children form healthy guts and prevent them from gaining weight. This new study shows that in laboratory mice, pups gain less weight on a high-fat diet if they are born to a mother who has more omega-3 fats in her body.


1 June 2018 - The Conversation - Europeans deserve a food policy that focuses on the environment and people’s health

The European Union’s common agricultural policy is a sprawling programme of farming subsidies that covers everything from income support for farmers to supporting the promotion of products such as wine. No wonder then that the European Commission, the EU’s executive branch, wants to “modernise and simplify” the policy.


1 June 2018 - The Conversation - Triclosan, a common antimicrobial in toothpaste and other products, linked to inflammation and cancer in the gut

The antimicrobial chemical triclosan is in thousands of products that we use daily: hand soaps, toothpastes, body wash, kitchenware and even some toys. Studies suggest that this compound may have widespread health risks, including aggravating inflammation in the gut and promoting the development colon cancer by altering the gut microbiota.


31 May 2018 - MedicalXpress - Exercise, good nutrition can improve heart and brain health

Exercise, good nutrition and other steps can lower your risk of heart disease. Those same steps can also improve your brain health.


27 May 2018 - Science Daily - By 2035 over 4 million adults will be morbidly obese across England, Wales, and Scotland

Across England, Wales, and Scotland, morbid obesity (BMI of 40kg/m² or over) rates in adults are expected to soar over the next 17 years, with the number of morbidly obese adults likely to exceed 4 million by 2035 - more than double the 1.9 million in 2015, according to new research.


26 May 2018 - Medical News Bulletin - Can eating more fish help pregnant mothers quit smoking?

Pregnancy is a sensitive time for both the mother and fetus. While the mother’s diet is a big focus during pregnancy, the mother’s behaviour and exposure to environmental toxins are just as important. Behaviours such as smoking can have lasting negative consequences for both the mother and baby.


25 May 2016 - MedicalXpress - Milk and dairy do not promote childhood obesity according to comprehensive new review

A comprehensive review of the scientific evidence over the last 27 years concludes that cow's milk and other dairy products do not play a role in the development of childhood obesity.


25 May 2018 - The Conversation - Obese people enjoy food less than lean people – new study

The researchers in this study were interested in understanding reward-driven eating. Laboratory experiments have shown that obese people are less rewarded by food than people who are lean. This study investigated whether this held true when people were going about their everyday lives.


24 May 2018 - Independent.ie - Diets rich in seafood increase chance of pregnancy

There may be something to that myth about oysters and sex drive after all. Couples who eat a lot of seafood have sex more often and are quicker to achieve a pregnancy, new research has shown.


24 May 2018 - The Conversation - Young adults need to eat more omega-3 fats

Despite their availability, evidence shows that most people in North America are not getting enough omega-3 fats in their diets. Low levels in our diet means low levels in our bodies. And this may be linked with higher risk for a number of health complications, such as coronary heart disease and depression.


22 May 2018 - BBC - An egg a day to keep the doctor away?

A study of nearly half a million people in China suggests a daily egg may reduce the risk of heart disease and strokes.


22 May 2018 - Science Daily - The antioxidant myth

Dora Il'yasova, associate professor of epidemiology, explains why everything you thought you knew about antioxidants is wrong.


22 May 2018 - The Conversation - Women need better information about drinking in pregnancy

How much do you know about the guidance on drinking in pregnancy? Most are aware of the “don’t drink” message. But if you’re an expectant mother, or someone who’s job involves giving advice, our new study shows that the abstinence message can feel too simplistic.


22 May 2018 - MedicalXpress - Study finds vitamin D supplement decreases wheezing for black preterm infants

African American infants born prematurely are at higher risk for recurrent wheezing. This condition can cause the baby discomfort and is a risk factor for developing asthma later in life. There are no widely-accepted therapies to prevent prematurity-associated wheezing.


16 May 2018 - MedicalXpress - For older adults, a better diet may prevent brain shrinkage

People who eat a diet rich in vegetables, fruit, nuts and fish may have bigger brains, according to a study published in the May 16, 2018, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.


21 May 2018 - Science Daily - Autism is not linked to eating fish in pregnancy

A major study examining the fish-eating habits of pregnant women has found that they are not linked to autism or autistic traits in their children. Scientists looked at the assumption that mercury exposure during pregnancy is a major cause of autism using evidence from nearly 4,500 women who took part in the Children of the '90s study.


21 May 2018 - MedicalXpress - Consumers focus on food types, not portions, when it comes to perceived healthiness

Consumers tend to be more influenced by the perceived healthiness of a food (nuts over chocolate, for example), than a food's portion size. That's one of the findings in new research by Kelly Haws, professor of marketing at Vanderbilt University's Owen Graduate School of Management.