Food and Behaviour Research

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An unexpected role for the brain's immune cells......IN MICE

This study showed that surveillance by microglia helps prevent seizure activity (or hyperexcitability) in the brain. These findings could open new therapeutic avenues for several diseases including Alzheimer's disease, epilepsy, and autism.

'Alarmingly high' vitamin D deficiency in the United Kingdom

The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in the UK is alarming, with certain ethnic and socioeconomic groups considered particularly vulnerable.

Apathy could predict onset of dementia years before other symptoms

New research has shown that apathy—a lack of interest or motivation—could predict the onset of some forms of dementia many years before symptoms start, offering a 'window of opportunity' to treat the disease at an early stage

Vitamin D the clue to more Autism spectrum disorder in boys

A deficiency in Vitamin D on the mother's side could explain why Autism spectrum disorder is three times more common in boys, say researchers from The University of Queensland.

Different forms of sugar impact hunger-suppressing hormones in young adults

This study showed that when young adults consumed drinks containing sucrose, they produced lower levels of appetite-regulating hormones than when they consumed drinks containing glucose.

Youth depression tied to higher risk of 66 diseases and premature death

Depressed children and teenagers have an increased risk of suffering from premature death and a wide range of illnesses later in life.

Young people with autism show cognitive gains from childhood to early adult life

This is the first study to show that early language regression affects IQ trajectory.

Glyphosate can create biomarkers predicting disease in future generations.....IN MICE

Exposure to the widely used weed-killer glyphosate makes genetic changes to rats that can be linked to increased disease in their grandchildren and great-grandchildren, a new study has found.

Autism study suggests connection between repetitive behaviors, gut problems

In children with autism, repetitive behaviors and gastrointestinal problems may be connected, new research has found.

Study finds 10 metabolites associated with risk of stroke

A new analysis of recent studies has found that the levels of 10 metabolites detected in the blood are associated with a person's risk of stroke.

Study reveals connection between gut bacteria and vitamin D levels

This study suggests that it doesn't matter how much vitamin D you get through sunlight or supplementation, nor how much your body can store. It matters how well your body is able to metabolize that into active vitamin D

Gut microbes: The key to normal sleep.... IN MICE

This detailed study in mice revealed the extent to which bacteria can change the environment and contents of the intestines, which ultimately impacts behaviors like sleep.

Teens' ultra-processed diet puts their hearts at risk

Adolescents get about two-thirds of their calories from ultra-processed food!

Cocoa flavanols boost brain oxygenation, cognition in healthy adults

After ingesting the cocoa flavanols, participants performed better on the most challenging cognitive tests, correctly solving problems 11% faster than they did at baseline.

A leaky gut may lead to a leaky brain. Here’s how to head it off

Keep your gut microbes happy and they will keep you happy. They can even keep you feeling younger and smarter.

Nutrient deficiency risks associated with veganism, study finds: ‘Vitamin B12 is well supplemented, iodine is a matter of concern’

People who follow strict vegan diets – excluding intake of all animal-based foods - have an increased risk of iodine deficiency, BfR researchers have found.

Study discovers microbiome modulation possibilities in obese population

Over the past decade, gut microbiota have been suggested to be an important contributor to the development of obesity and metabolic disease.

Gut immune cells may help send multiple sclerosis into remission

An international research team has shown, for the first time, that gut immune cells travel to the brain during multiple sclerosis (MS) flare-ups in patients.

Can memory manipulation help treat alcohol addiction?

Alcohol withdrawal directly impacts the brain's stress and memory systems, which may underlie individual susceptibility to persistent drug and alcohol-seeking behaviors.

Changes to the brain's reward system may drive overeating in mice

Intertwining food and reward can lead to overeating and may be a contributing factor to diet-induced obesity.