Foods containing fat and carbohydrate are more reinforcing than those containing primarily fat or carbohydrate. This effect is independent of liking and is reflected by supra-additive responses in the brain during food valuation. This may be one mechanism driving over-consumption of high-fat/carbohydrate processed foods.
Ideally, women should plan a pregnancy months in advance, experts say. Some women spend more time planning their summer holiday than they do a pregnancy, a survey by baby charity Tommy's suggests. Only one in five started taking folic acid before stopping contraception, while one in six didn't take it at all.
A new study published in the journal Brain, Behavior, and Immunity shows that adolescent rats who consume a diet high in saturated fats have a harder time coping with stress as adults. Moreover, the areas of the brain that handle the fear/stress response were altered to the point that subjects began exhibiting behaviors that mirror post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Prior studies have shown that people grew smarter over the first part of last century, as measured by the intelligence quotient - a trend dubbed "the Flynn effect". According to new research from Norway, that trend has ended. Instead of getting smarter, humans have started getting dumber.
The unique composition of a mother's breastmilk may help to reduce food sensitization in her infant, report researchers. The findings further highlight the health role of human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs), which are not found in infant formula, and underscore their potential for therapeutic interventions.
Nutritional steps for heart disease prevention are well known. Now it’s time to do the same for reducing the risk of dementia, argue researchers.
What makes someone go from simply being hungry to full-on "hangry"? More than just a simple drop in blood sugar, this combination of hunger and anger may be a complicated emotional response involving an interplay of biology, personality and environmental cues, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.
A 2012 study found that Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis (two types of IBD) are significantly on the rise. A follow-up study published last year in The Lancet demonstrated that these diseases affect over 0.3 per cent of the population in North America, Oceania and many countries in Europe.
Researchers in Australia are continuing to explore the benefits of probiotics in relation to peanut allergy, buoyed by the findings of a follow-up study four years after their first published RCT.
Employees eat more than 1,000 calories a week at work and most of it is obtained for free
What we eat has important implications for our health - and for what we spend on healthcare. New research suggests improving the quality of the average American's diet could substantially reduce costs associated with heart disease, diabetes, cancer and other major health problems.
Between 2006 and 2012 consumption of energy drinks in the UK increased by 12.8% – from 235m to 475m litres.
The potential of omega-3 supplements to calm aggressive behavior in children may also reduce the psychological aggression among adult caregivers not receiving supplements, says an important new study.
A team of researchers at the Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research and the University of Tübingen reports that nicotinamide riboside – a form of vitamin B3 – may offer a possible treatment for Parkinson's Disease.
There are three types - starch, sugar and fibre. Starch is what we usually understand carbs to mean - foods like bread, pasta, potatoes and rice - but these "beige" varieties aren't good for you.
A new study from the University of Iowa finds that children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are more than twice as likely to suffer from a food allergy than children who do not have ASD.
Researchers conclude that vitamin D supplementation is associated with reduced intestinal inflammation in patients with active Ulcerative Colitis. Paul Whiteley looks at the implications for ASD.
What's the possible autism link?
A study of over 11,000 women found that 36.3 percent of women experienced 'loss of control' eating in pregnancy – a characteristic feature of binge eating defined as feeling out of control whilst eating, irrespective of the amount consumed.
Mothers who eat healthy fats from oily fish may help their children form healthy guts and prevent them from gaining weight. This new study shows that in laboratory mice, pups gain less weight on a high-fat diet if they are born to a mother who has more omega-3 fats in her body.
The European Union’s common agricultural policy is a sprawling programme of farming subsidies that covers everything from income support for farmers to supporting the promotion of products such as wine. No wonder then that the European Commission, the EU’s executive branch, wants to “modernise and simplify” the policy.