Excessive weight around our middle gives our brain's resident immune cells heavy exposure to a signal that turns them against us, setting in motion a crescendo of inflammation that damages cognition, scientists say.
Prebiotics can improve sleep and boost stress resilience by influencing gut bacteria and the metabolites they produce - study.
Researchers reveal the mechanisms in our brains that lead to feelings of satiation after eating. They involve a series of reactions triggered by a rise in blood glucose levels.
Sucralose linked to problematic metabolic and neural changes, when consumed along with a certain carbohydrate, while drinks with low-calorie sweeteners or sugar alone do not provoke the changes.
In a mouse model, a mother's gut microbiota were seen to shape the metabolism of her offspring in later life.
People living with celiac disease (CD) have a higher risk of neurological damage according to a new study from the University of Sheffield.
New research shows that adults who have low fruit and vegetable intakes have a higher likelihood of being diagnosed with an anxiety disorder.
Pregnant women who eat more fruit during pregnancy may be giving their babies' cognitive development a boost, says this rat-based follow-up study.
N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is a naturally occurring molecule that replenishes antioxidants and shows improved brain metabolism and self-reported improvements in cognitive function in patients with multiple sclerosis, according to a new study.
In pregnant women, obesity, diabetes, hypertension, depression and anxiety can increase the chances of learning delays, behavior problems and mental health issues in their children's early years.
After a week on a high fat, high added sugar diet, volunteers scored worse on memory tests.
A landmark Commission report convened by WHO, UNICEF and The Lancet has found the health and future of every child and adolescent worldwide is under immediate threat from ecological degradation, climate change and exploitative marketing practices that push fast food, sugary drinks, alcohol and tobacco at children.
Exposure in the womb to phthalates, a group of endocrine-disrupting chemicals present in cosmetics and other common household products, was associated with autistic traits in boys, ages 3 and 4, but not in girls, according to a new study.
Maternal obesity may increase a child's risk for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to this new analysis.
Study study finds that eating a Mediterranean diet causes microbiome changes linked to improvements in cognitive function and memory, immunity and bone strength.
Study finds strong links between certain food groups, memory loss and comorbid heart disease or diabetes.
Mouse-based study suggests protein aggregates responsible for Parkinson's disease can travel up from the gut to affect neurons in the brain, but the process depends on age.
About 10% of patients who come to complex care hospitals may have low levels of folate and other indicators of malnutrition, investigators say.
Researchers have studied a key difference between the microbiome of lab mice and humans caused by rodents' tendency to eat their own faeces, which they say could have wide-ranging implications to numerous research areas.
What characterises ultra-processed foods is that they are so altered that it can be hard to recognise the underlying ingredients. These are concoctions of concoctions, engineered from ingredients that are already highly refined, such as cheap vegetable oils, flours, whey proteins and sugars, which are then whipped up into something more appetising with the help of industrial additives such as emulsifiers.