Food and Behaviour Research

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1 August 2018 - MedicalXpress - Eat high-fiber foods to reduce effects of stress on gut and behavior

Eating high fibre foods may reduce the effects of stress on our gut and behaviour, according to new research published in The Journal of Physiology.


1 August 2018 - Science Daily - Measure of belly fat in older adults is linked with cognitive impairment

Data from over 5,000 adults over the age of 60 indicates that as waist:hip ratio increases, so does cognitive impairment. The findings have significant implications as the global prevalence of dementia is predicted to increase from 24.3 million in 2001 to 81.1 million by 2040.


1 August 2018 - Science Daily - Both long term abstinence and heavy drinking may increase dementia risk

People who abstain from alcohol or consume more than 14 units a week during middle age (midlife) are at increased risk of developing dementia, a new study finds.


30 July 2018 - MedicalXpress - Limit low-calorie sodas and drinks, and stick to water instead, researchers advise

A science advisory from the American Heart Association counsels against regular and long-term consumption of diet beverages, particularly in children. Instead, the group of leading nutritionists, doctors and researchers urged people to replace sugary and diet drinks with plain, carbonated or unsweetened flavoured water.


28 July 2018 - Mad In America - Julia Rucklidge: Nutrition, Mental Health and TED

Interview with Dr. Julia Rucklidge. Dr. Rucklidge is professor of clinical psychology at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand, and leads the Mental Health and Nutrition Research Group.


24 July 2018 - MedicalXpress - Alzheimer's disease risk impacted by the liver, diet

Reduced levels of plasmalogens - a class of lipids created in the liver that are integral to cell membranes in the brain - are associated with an increased risk of Alzheimer's Disease, according to new research.


24 July 2018 - Alzheimer's Association - Advances along the gut-liver-brain axis in Alzheimer's disease

Four new studies reported at the Alzheimer's Association International Conference (AAIC) 2018 in Chicago investigated how the digestive system, including gut and liver functions, may be related to changes in the brain, and to brain disorders such as Alzheimer's disease and other dementias.


24 July 2018 - MedicalXpress - Omega-3s help keep kids out of trouble, study says

Something as simple as a dietary supplement could reduce disruptive, even abusive behaviour, according to newly released research by a team led by a UMass Lowell criminal justice professor.


23 July 2018 - MedicalXpress - Gluten-free kids' foods fall short on nutrition

Gluten-free foods are one of the latest nutritional trends, with many parents assuming foods with a gluten-free label are healthier than foods with gluten.


23 July 2018 - Neuroscience News - How the Brain Controls Food Cravings

A new EEG study reveals when activity in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex is suppressed, cravings for high calorie food increases.


19 July 2018 - MedicalXpress - How maternal diet could change the infant gut microbiome

UNSW Sydney researchers presenting at the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease Conference in Sydney this week highlighted evidence that suggest changes to a mother's microbiome, or gut health, brought on by obesity or a high fat diet during pregnancy can be transferred to the microbiome of her offspring.


19 July 2018 - MedicalXpress - Food for thought: How the brain reacts to food may be linked to overeating

The reason why some people find it so hard to resist finishing an entire bag of chips or bowl of candy may lie with how their brain responds to food rewards, leaving them more vulnerable to overeating.


19 July 2018 - Questioning Answers - 'Comprehensive metabolomics' and ME/CFS: lipid and energy production turn up again

Recent study examines two biological 'systems' alongside the symptom profiles of participants diagnosed with ME/CFS, compared with controls. Questioning Answers provides a brief analysis.


18 July 2018 - MedicalXpress - Eating iron-fortified grain improves students' attention, memory

Iron fortification: Adolescent students in a rural school in India who consumed an iron-biofortified version of the grain pearl millet exhibited improved attention and memory compared to those who consumed conventional pearl millet, according to Penn State researchers.


18 July 2018 - MedicalXpress - Mediterranean diet may improve academic performance by affecting sleep

A new Acta Paediatrica study indicates that following the Mediterranean diet may improve adolescents' academic performance, and the effect may relate to sleep quality.


18 July 2018 - MedicalXpress - Beef jerky and other processed meats associated with manic episodes

An analysis of more than 1,000 people with and without psychiatric disorders has shown that nitrates - chemicals used to cure meats such as beef jerky, salami, hot dogs and other processed meat snacks - may contribute to mania, an abnormal mood state. Mania is characterized by hyperactivity, euphoria and insomnia.


18 July 2018 - MedicalXpress - Autism risk determined by health of mom's gut, research reveals

The risk of developing autism-spectrum disorders is determined by the mother's microbiome - the collection of microorganisms that naturally live inside us - during pregnancy, new research from the University of Virginia School of Medicine suggests. The work raises the possibility that preventing forms of autism could be as simple as an expectant mom modifying her diet or taking custom probiotics.


17 July 2018 - MedicalXpress - How nursing mothers can help protect their babies from food allergies

New studies suggest there are foods and nutrients that a nursing mother can eat to help build immune tolerance to help reduce the chance that the baby will develop an allergy.


17 July 2018 - MedicalXpress - As we get parched, cognition can easily sputter, dehydration study says

Anyone lost in a desert hallucinating mirages knows that extreme dehydration discombobulates the mind. But just two hours of vigorous yard work in the summer sun without drinking fluids could be enough to blunt concentration, according to a new study.


17 July 2018 - MedicalXpress - Brain iron levels may predict multiple sclerosis disabilities

A new, highly accurate MRI technique can monitor iron levels in the brains of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and help identify those at a higher risk for developing physical disability, according to a study published in the journal Radiology.