For the first time links have been observed between a nut-rich maternal diet during the first trimester of pregnancy and better outcomes after birth in cognitive function, attention capacity and long-term working memory.
For people with depression, gastrointestinal distress is a common additional burden, and a new study suggests that the two conditions sometimes arise from the same glitch in neuron chemistry - low serotonin.
Scientists have shown that transplanting gut bacteria, from a stressed to a non-stressed animal, can cause vulnerable behaviour in the recipient. The research reveals details of biological interactions between the brain and gut that may someday lead to probiotic treatments for human psychiatric disorders such as depression.
Some research suggests that following specific diets - such as elimination diets, the Few Foods diet, and the Mediterranean diet - could play a role in managing ADHD.
Children and teens who drink soft drinks containing sugar or sugar-substitutes add about 200 extra calories compared to those who don't. Nothing earth-shattering in this research, which serves to underline the health benefits of avoiding sodas and suchlike.
City’s Henry programme gives children choices while helping parents maintain boundaries
The proportion of pregnant women with obesity has doubled over the past decade, from around 22% in 2010 to 44% in 2018, according to new research.
Increased stress during university examinations is associated with eating a poorer quality diet including less fruit and vegetables and more fast food, according to a new study.
The risk of a child becoming overweight or obese is more than trebled by maternal obesity prior to getting pregnant, according to new study.
A nationally representative UK survey of children (aged 4-10 years old) has found no strong/direct link between drinking sugar sweetened beverages and greater energy consumption or higher BMI.
Parents of kids with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may change their child's diet in the hope it might ease the disorder's symptoms. But a new study suggests it might not be worth the effort.
How plant-free diets affect the brain
Obesity is linked with an increased risk of developing anxiety and depression in children and adolescents, independent of traditional risk factors such as parental psychiatric illness and socioeconomic status, according to new research.
Children with more attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms may be at higher risk for an unhealthy diet, but diet quality does not appear to affect ADHD risk, according to a new study.
Study finds that teenagers who were exposed to alcohol while in the womb show altered brain connections consistent with impaired cognitive performance.
Micro-preemies who primarily consume breast milk have significantly higher levels of metabolites important for brain growth and development, according to sophisticated imaging.
A probiotic strain of Bifidobacterium longum appears to improve the ability to respond and cope with stress as research provides more proof of the bidirectional communication between the gut and brain.
A team of researchers has found that giving rats exposed to a stressful environment extra doses of omega-3 fatty acids, resulted in a reduction of the kinds of mental and physical damage that normally occur under such circumstances.
Study finds that nonhuman primates on a Mediterranean diet choose not to eat all the food available to them, and so maintained a normal weight.
Obesity can break down our protective blood brain barrier resulting in problems with learning and memory, scientists report.