Lasting changes in the brain caused by drinking that starts in adolescence are the result of epigenetic changes that alter the expression of a protein crucial for the formation and maintenance of neural connections in the amygdala - the part of the brain involved in emotion, fear and anxiety.
Intakes of long chain omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA amongst pregnant women in the USA was found to be less than one-fifth of the recommended 520 mg/day EPA+DHA, according to data published in Nutrients.
A recent study looking at links between fruit and veg consumption and mental health has limitations. This type of observational study can't tell us whether the fruit and veg consumption actually causes improved mental wellbeing. While the longitudinal design and the adjustment for potential confounding factors helps to make the results more robust, there may be something else unaccounted for at play here. The possibility that people who feel happier are more likely to choose healthier food, for example, cannot be ruled out.
An analysis of data from almost 46,000 people has found that weight loss, nutrient boosting and fat reduction diets can all reduce the symptoms of depression.
Study finds a link between Celiac Disease and a higher incidence of disordered eating behaviour during adolescence and young adulthood.
More news from the gut-brain axis: research opens door to possible treatments for depression based on probiotics.
Scientists working on the gut microbiome have discovered and isolated more than 100 completely new species of bacteria from healthy people's intestines. The study has created the most comprehensive collection of human intestinal bacteria to date. The new resource will help researchers worldwide to investigate how our microbiome keeps us healthy, and its role in disease.
Increasing how much exercise we get and switching to a healthy diet can also play an important role in treating – and even preventing – depression. This article looks at what should we should eat more of, and what we should avoid, to prevent depression and other mood disorders.
The intestinal microbiome is not only key for food processing but an accepted co-determinant for various diseases. Researchers have now identified effects of nanoparticles on intestinal microorganisms.
The aim of the this study was to determine "BCM7 [β-casomorphin-7] influence on DPPIV functioning in children with ASD in comparison to healthy children."
The makeup of bacteria and other microbes in the gut may have a direct association with dementia risk, according to preliminary research.
In a study based on mice, a low-calorie diet prevented asthma symptoms regardless of the diet's fat and sugar content. The researchers also found that obesity resulting from a high-calorie diet led to asthma symptoms by causing lung inflammation, and a drug that blocks inflammation eased those symptoms.
Two nutrition specialists met to debate a controversial statement: Most studies on the effect of nutrition and diet are false.
A study conducted in Brazil, China, Finland, Ghana, India and the United States found 94 percent of meals served in restaurants contain more than the recommended number of calories.
Research finds that individuals with higher levels of the satiety hormone Cholecystokinin have a decreased chance of mild or advanced cognitive impairment.
Several years ago, my research group, together with a collaborator in Italy, Roberto Berni Canani, was comparing the bacteria present in infants with a diagnosed cow’s milk allergy to those without. We found some remarkable differences between the two groups. This led us to wonder whether the different bacteria present in each of the two groups are sufficient to protect against allergy. And if so, could we figure out why?
Lead exposure in childhood appears to have long-lasting negative effects on mental health and personality in adulthood, according to a study of people who grew up in the era of leaded petrol.
Certain additives and artificial sweeteners can change microbial composition, say scientists, who note the altered profile is similar to that seen in those with inflammatory bowel disease or obesity.
Researchers have identified new brain circuits that may act as a brake on binge eating and junk food craving.
Institutions are increasingly restricting the sale of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) on their premises. The American Medical Association now endorses "SSB-free zones" for hospitals, schools, and health centers.