Four new studies reported at the Alzheimer's Association International Conference (AAIC) 2018 in Chicago investigated how the digestive system, including gut and liver functions, may be related to changes in the brain, and to brain disorders such as Alzheimer's disease and other dementias.
Something as simple as a dietary supplement could reduce disruptive, even abusive behaviour, according to newly released research by a team led by a UMass Lowell criminal justice professor.
Gluten-free foods are one of the latest nutritional trends, with many parents assuming foods with a gluten-free label are healthier than foods with gluten.
A new EEG study reveals when activity in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex is suppressed, cravings for high calorie food increases.
UNSW Sydney researchers presenting at the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease Conference in Sydney this week highlighted evidence that suggest changes to a mother's microbiome, or gut health, brought on by obesity or a high fat diet during pregnancy can be transferred to the microbiome of her offspring.
The reason why some people find it so hard to resist finishing an entire bag of chips or bowl of candy may lie with how their brain responds to food rewards, leaving them more vulnerable to overeating.
Recent study examines two biological 'systems' alongside the symptom profiles of participants diagnosed with ME/CFS, compared with controls. Questioning Answers provides a brief analysis.
Iron fortification: Adolescent students in a rural school in India who consumed an iron-biofortified version of the grain pearl millet exhibited improved attention and memory compared to those who consumed conventional pearl millet, according to Penn State researchers.
A new Acta Paediatrica study indicates that following the Mediterranean diet may improve adolescents' academic performance, and the effect may relate to sleep quality.
An analysis of more than 1,000 people with and without psychiatric disorders has shown that nitrates - chemicals used to cure meats such as beef jerky, salami, hot dogs and other processed meat snacks - may contribute to mania, an abnormal mood state. Mania is characterized by hyperactivity, euphoria and insomnia.
The risk of developing autism-spectrum disorders is determined by the mother's microbiome - the collection of microorganisms that naturally live inside us - during pregnancy, new research from the University of Virginia School of Medicine suggests. The work raises the possibility that preventing forms of autism could be as simple as an expectant mom modifying her diet or taking custom probiotics.
New studies suggest there are foods and nutrients that a nursing mother can eat to help build immune tolerance to help reduce the chance that the baby will develop an allergy.
Anyone lost in a desert hallucinating mirages knows that extreme dehydration discombobulates the mind. But just two hours of vigorous yard work in the summer sun without drinking fluids could be enough to blunt concentration, according to a new study.
A new, highly accurate MRI technique can monitor iron levels in the brains of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and help identify those at a higher risk for developing physical disability, according to a study published in the journal Radiology.
These authors inspected the peer-reviewed literature looking at vitamin D levels in relation to the archetypal 'diet can affect health' autoimmune condition coeliac disease.
An experimental carbohydrate diet that restricted processed foods and most sugars has relieved symptoms in eight out of 10 children with inflammatory bowel disease – offering new hope for sufferers of the debilitating condition.
A new study has shown that people who regularly eat oranges are less likely to develop macular degeneration than people who do not eat oranges. Researchers interviewed more than 2,000 Australian adults aged over 50 and followed them over a 15-year period.
Enjoying full-fat milk, yogurt, cheese and butter is unlikely to send people to an early grave, according to new research.
Last week, the Toronto Star published the result of an investigation into organic milk, which included laboratory analysis, and found that “the product is no different than cheaper regular milk.” It as an attention-grabbing headline, and it was also completely wrong.
A recent review of studies on interventions with probiotics, prebiotics and omega-3s shows that there is promising data backing these ingredients’ effects on ameliorating anxiety, stress and depression. But much more research is needed to identify pathways, biomarkers and modes of action.