The different nerve cells in the control center of the vagus nerve innervate different regions of the gut, and control satiety and BloodSugar levels - this could play an important role in future therapeutic strategies against obesity and diabetes
These results suggest that enhanced dietary intake of omega-3 fatty acids among adolescents, such as through oily fish like mackerel, could prevent some people from developing psychosis in their early twenties
Inhibiting the accumulation of a protein, Plastin 3, could eventually alleviate some of the symptoms patients with Autism Spectrum Disorders have.
New research in rats suggests a common antioxidant supplement may protect the next generation from a leading cause of blindness stemming from a high-sugar diet during pregnancy.
This study adds to the mounting evidence connecting the gut microbiota with the gut–brain axis, where the initial stages of gut colonization and assemblage may be linked with neurodevelopmental outcomes with potential long-term associations.
This study is a potential game changer for obstetricians and their patients - the dramatic decrease in early preterm birth with DHA supplementation will improve short- and long -term outcomes for children.
This study showed that long-term consumption of a Western-style diet high in fat and sugar impairs the function of immune cells in the gut in ways that could promote inflammatory bowel disease or increase the risk of intestinal infections.
The study showed long-term energy drink intake, sugar-free or not, results in heightened blood glucose and bad fats (triglycerides), which are the common feature of diabetes. It also increased body fat without any changes in weight.
Preventing NAD depletion via administration of nicotinamide (the amide of vitamin B3, a NAD precursor) robustly prevents glaucoma in chronic animal models.
The study's findings emphasize that it's important for people to have a diet rich in fruit and vegetables to potentially minimize stress
Artificial food colorants can cause disease when the immune system has become dysregulated.
This is the first study to highlight that cardiovascular risk factors accumulated from childhood through mid-life may influence poor cognitive performance at midlife.
Obesity is associated with chronic, body-wide inflammation that slow shrinks brain regions that are used for learning new things and recalling memories.
The EU's food watchdog has said that a widely-used additive, known as the artificial colouring E171 on food labels, should "no longer be considered safe" for consumption - it is used mainly as a whitening and brightening agent in sweets, chewing gum, white sauces and cake icing.
Taking into account all available scientific studies and data, the EFSA's expert Panel concluded that titanium dioxide can no longer be considered safe as a food additive.
This study found that people who consumed the most nitrate-rich vegetables had about a 2.5 mmHg lower systolic blood pressure and between 12 to 26 percent lower risk of heart disease.
The recent move toward relying on Ultra-Processed Foods in the Western diet likely accounts for some of the reduced resilience and increased mental health problems we are now encountering.
This study found significant associations between youth consumption of a variety of sugar sweetened beverages and increased odds of having been told by a health care provider they have prediabetes.
This study is the first to investigate the impact of the exposome—i.e. the set of all environmental exposures, both chemical and non-chemical, during the prenatal and postnatal stages—on child behaviour.
The study found that those who received a daily dose of prebiotics improved mental wellbeing by reducing anxiety levels and had better gut health than the control group.