Food and Behaviour Research

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Gut to brain: Nerve cells detect what we eat

The different nerve cells in the control center of the vagus nerve innervate different regions of the gut, and control satiety and BloodSugar levels - this could play an important role in future therapeutic strategies against obesity and diabetes


Low levels of omega-3 associated with higher risk of psychosis, says study

These results suggest that enhanced dietary intake of omega-3 fatty acids among adolescents, such as through oily fish like mackerel, could prevent some people from developing psychosis in their early twenties


Defective gene slows down brain cells

Inhibiting the accumulation of a protein, Plastin 3, could eventually alleviate some of the symptoms patients with Autism Spectrum Disorders have.


CoQ10 for pregnant rats reverses diet-induced retinal damage in offspring

New research in rats suggests a common antioxidant supplement may protect the next generation from a leading cause of blindness stemming from a high-sugar diet during pregnancy.


Infant gut microbiota associated with fine motor skills

This study adds to the mounting evidence connecting the gut microbiota with the gut–brain axis, where the initial stages of gut colonization and assemblage may be linked with neurodevelopmental outcomes with potential long-term associations.


Study shows early preterm births can be decreased with DHA supplementation

This study is a potential game changer for obstetricians and their patients - the dramatic decrease in early preterm birth with DHA supplementation will improve short- and long -term outcomes for children.


Western diet may increase risk of gut inflammation, infection

This study showed that long-term consumption of a Western-style diet high in fat and sugar impairs the function of immune cells in the gut in ways that could promote inflammatory bowel disease or increase the risk of intestinal infections.


Mouse studies find sugar-free energy drinks just as harmful

The study showed long-term energy drink intake, sugar-free or not, results in heightened blood glucose and bad fats (triglycerides), which are the common feature of diabetes. It also increased body fat without any changes in weight.


Vitamin B3 as a possible treatment for glaucoma

Preventing NAD depletion via administration of nicotinamide (the amide of vitamin B3, a NAD precursor) robustly prevents glaucoma in chronic animal models.


Eating more fruit and vegetables linked to less stress: study

The study's findings emphasize that it's important for people to have a diet rich in fruit and vegetables to potentially minimize stress


Food dyes may cause disease when the immune system is dysregulated, researchers report

Artificial food colorants can cause disease when the immune system has become dysregulated.


Managing children's weight, blood pressure and cholesterol protects brain function mid-life

This is the first study to highlight that cardiovascular risk factors accumulated from childhood through mid-life may influence poor cognitive performance at midlife.


Is Your Belly Fat Fogging Your Thinking?

Obesity is associated with chronic, body-wide inflammation that slow shrinks brain regions that are used for learning new things and recalling memories.


Additive used in sweets and cakes not safe: EU watchdog

The EU's food watchdog has said that a widely-used additive, known as the artificial colouring E171 on food labels, should "no longer be considered safe" for consumption - it is used mainly as a whitening and brightening agent in sweets, chewing gum, white sauces and cake icing.


Titanium dioxide: E171 no longer considered safe when used as a food additive

Taking into account all available scientific studies and data, the EFSA's expert Panel concluded that titanium dioxide can no longer be considered safe as a food additive.


One cup of leafy green vegetables a day lowers risk of heart disease

This study found that people who consumed the most nitrate-rich vegetables had about a 2.5 mmHg lower systolic blood pressure and between 12 to 26 percent lower risk of heart disease.


Nutrition Is the Foundation of Resilience

The recent move toward relying on Ultra-Processed Foods in the Western diet likely accounts for some of the reduced resilience and increased mental health problems we are now encountering.


Study investigates link between prediabetes and youth beverage intake

This study found significant associations between youth consumption of a variety of sugar sweetened beverages and increased odds of having been told by a health care provider they have prediabetes.


Study links child behaviour problems to prenatal tobacco smoke and traffic density - and diet

This study is the first to investigate the impact of the exposome—i.e. the set of all environmental exposures, both chemical and non-chemical, during the prenatal and postnatal stages—on child behaviour.


Research shows consuming prebiotic supplements once a day has a positive impact on anxiety levels

The study found that those who received a daily dose of prebiotics improved mental wellbeing by reducing anxiety levels and had better gut health than the control group.