Several years ago, my research group, together with a collaborator in Italy, Roberto Berni Canani, was comparing the bacteria present in infants with a diagnosed cow’s milk allergy to those without. We found some remarkable differences between the two groups. This led us to wonder whether the different bacteria present in each of the two groups are sufficient to protect against allergy. And if so, could we figure out why?
Lead exposure in childhood appears to have long-lasting negative effects on mental health and personality in adulthood, according to a study of people who grew up in the era of leaded petrol.
Researchers have identified new brain circuits that may act as a brake on binge eating and junk food craving.
Institutions are increasingly restricting the sale of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) on their premises. The American Medical Association now endorses "SSB-free zones" for hospitals, schools, and health centers.
The complex sugars found in human breastmilk, long believed to be fixed in their composition, may change in women who are taking probiotics, according to new research.
Daily omega-3 fatty acid intake in pregnant women are 4 -10 times lower than recommended levels - an observation also noted in women of childbearing age, in findings that suggest no change in nutritional habits during this period.
EAT Lancet was released on 16 January 2019, claiming to be the solution we’ve all been waiting for to save your health and the planet.
However, on closer inspection of the actual food recommendations, it seems to be largely a continuation of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
Should every day be Meatless Monday?
The latest diet to supposedly save the planet is the so-called flexitarian - largely vegetarian, with a bit of meat and fish. Could this diet, also labelled the "planetary health diet", really save the world while keeping body and mind together at the same time?
To summarise in a single sentence: the EAT Lancet diet is nutritionally deficient.
The EAT-Lancet report is based on weak science.
Summary: Coalition of scientists claim that Walter Willett, leader of the EAT-Lancet section on diet and health, has "multiple serious potential conflicts of interest which cast doubt on his ability to bring an unbiased viewpoint to the question of whether a vegan/vegetarian diet is preferable for good health".
The effects of linoleic acid on the human body are largely dependent on genes, a new study shows.
Consumer beware: when a vegan diet fails, for instance due to poor supplementation, it may result in serious physical and cognitive impairment.
Many people have never heard of it, but hereditary haemochromatosis is the most common genetic disease in the Western world, with 250,000 people of European ancestry in the UK affected and a million in the US. The faulty genes responsible cause excessive absorption of iron, which sometimes builds up to toxic levels.
B-group vitamins may be beneficial for maintaining concentration skills among people experiencing a first episode of psychosis.
The human body is constantly exposed to so-called free radicals, which are a burden on the body. If they get out of hand, the result is oxidative stress, which can promote disease. While this has been treated in the past with the help of antioxidant vitamins and minerals, scientists are now increasingly turning to the use of phytochemicals, representing plant secondary metabolites.
New research shows that healthy infants have intestinal bacteria that prevent the development of food allergies.
UCSF researchers are scouring the available research to better understand the link between sugar and human diseases, and fighting biased science by exposing industry tactics and educating the public.
Researchers investigate the effects of choline, an important nutrient that may hold promise in the war against Alzheimer's Disease.