Food and Behaviour Research

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5 October 2018 - The Conversation - The best foods to eat for a good night’s sleep

Not sleeping for long enough or poor quality sleep are associated with increased food intake, a less healthy diet and weight gain. Lack of sleep also leads to increased snacking and overeating. And it causes us to want to eat foods high in fat and carbohydrates – with increased chemical rewards to the brain when we do eat these foods.

3 October 2018 - Nutraingredients - Review identifies potential modes of action for omega-3s and anxiety

A review conducted by researchers in New York uncovered six potential modes of action for how omega-3s might alleviate symptoms of anxiety. But the researchers found lots of nits to pick with the research, too, and made recommendations for future studies in this area.

3 October 2018 - Science Daily - Newly discovered compounds shed fresh light on whole grain health benefits

Scientists have discovered new compounds that may explain whole grain health benefits. A high intake of whole grains increased the levels of betaine compounds in the body which, in turn, was associated with improved glucose metabolism, among other things. The findings shed new light on the cell level effects of a whole grain-rich diet, and can help in development of increasingly healthy food products.

3 October 2018 - Science Daily - Teen cannabis use is not without risk to cognitive development

A new study confirms that cannabis use is related to impaired and lasting effects on adolescent cognitive development.

3 October 2018 - MedicalXpress - Could beetroot juice alleviate obesity-related health implications?

Beetroot juice is believed to help with cognitive function, lower blood pressure and improve stamina during exercise because of the nitrates in the vegetable that aid the body in better utilizing oxygen. A new study at the University of Alabama at Birmingham is recruiting participants for a study that looks at beetroot juice components, dietary nitrate and antioxidants, and their independent effects on exercise tolerance and health benefits in individuals with obesity.

2 October 2018 - Nutraingredients - Regular omega-3 intake during pregnancy could boost baby brain and vision: Study

Women could enhance the development of their unborn child's eyesight and brain function by regularly eating omega-3 rich fatty fish during pregnancy, say researchers from Finland.

2 October 2018 - MedicalXpress - Studies show connection between diet, cognitive function

The gut and the brain are more closely connected than was ever imagined previously, and the health of one can affect the other.

1 October 2018 - MedicalXpress - More bad news for artificial sweetener users

FDA-approved artificial sweeteners and sport supplements were found to be toxic to digestive gut microbes, according to a new study.

1 October 2018 - Science Daily - Mediterranean diet prevents a leading cause of blindness, study suggests

Evidence is mounting that a poor diet plays an important role in the development of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of blindness in the United States.

1 October 2018 - The Scientist - Maternal Obesity and Diabetes Linked to Autism in Children

Inflammation may be a strong contender for the connection between mom’s weight and children’s neurodevelopment, according to lab studies on animals.

28 September 2018 - The Conversation - Crime and nourishment – the link between food and offending behaviour

It is well known that eating a balanced diet is of vital importance for maintaining good health and well-being. It is also one of the great social pleasures of life. Yet, far too many young people in prisons are consuming a poor diet, lacking in nutrition.

25 September 2018 - MedicalXpress - Evidence that increased BMI causes lower mental wellbeing

There is an increasing need to prevent obesity because of the consequences for mental as well as physical health, new research by academics at the University of Bristol has found.

26 September 2018 - BBC - Mediterranean diet 'may help prevent depression'

Eating a Mediterranean diet may help prevent depression, research suggests. But an expert in metabolic medicine says more rigorous, targeted trials are needed to confirm evidence of the potential link.

26 September 2018 - The Conversation - Plant-rich diets may help prevent depression – new evidence

Being depressed can negatively affect your appetite and what you eat, but can bad eating habits bring your mood down? Our latest study, a systematic review of the best available evidence, found a clear link between the quality of a person’s diet and their risk of depression.

26 September 2018 - MedicalXpress - Cocoa: A tasty source of vitamin D?

Cocoa and foods containing cocoa have significant amounts of this important nutrient. According to the researchers, cocoa butter and dark chocolate have the highest amount of vitamin D2.

25 September 2018 - Science Daily - Lifestyle intervention may mitigate weight gain due to ubiquitous contaminant

A new study finds that perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) - included in such items as nonstick cookware and greaseproof food packaging - are associated with increases in weight, but exercise and diet may reduce the obesogenic effects of these environmental contaminants.

25 September 2018 - MedicalXpress - Does our environment affect the genes in our brains?

Is there a link between differences in IQ test performance and the activity of certain genes? Researchers have shown that modifications in the structure of a specific gene have a negative impact on individual test performance. This suggests that environmentally induced epigenetic changes to our genetic material have a greater impact on intelligence than previously thought.

25 September 2018 - Nutraingredients - Omega-3 and vitamin B12 may improve autistic behaviours, Saudi study finds

The consumption of vitamin B12 and omega-3 fatty acids - either in combination or independently - may alleviate autistic behaviours, according to new study.

21 September 2018 - MedicalXpress - Are there health benefits to taking turmeric?

A recent study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences shows curcumin, an active ingredient in turmeric, effectively kills certain cancer cells. While research continues on the role turmeric plays in treating cancer, there may be other health benefits to ingesting the spice.

21 September 2018 - Science Daily - Breast milk may be best for premature babies' brain development

Babies born before their due date show better brain development when fed breast milk rather than formula.