People with multiple sclerosis (MS) can find an abundance of conflicting advice suggesting that special diets will ease their symptoms. But the evidence is scanty. A new trial evaluates whether drastically cutting calories twice a week can change the body's immune environment and the gut microbiome, and potentially change the course of the disease.
Nutritional compounds naturally present in green tea and red wine may obstruct the creation of toxic metabolites that contribute to the neurodegeneration seen in Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease.
UK children consume energy drinks at a higher rate than kids in any other country in Europe - with a fifth of three-10-year-olds having them regularly. Is this a health risk, or no worse than coffee?
A mother’s example could be instrumental in a child maintaining a healthy weight, suggests new research published in The BMJ. In a study of nearly 25,000 children, those whose mothers adhered to five healthy lifestyle factors carried a 75 percent lower risk of obesity than children whose mothers had none of those habits. The factors included a body mass index (BMI) below 25, a high-quality diet, regular exercise, no smoking and low alcohol consumption.
Low vitamin D levels can have serious repercussions for the bone health of both mother and child. Vitamin D is necessary for calcium to be taken up by the intestine. In pregnancy, this vitamin is crucial to ensure sufficient calcium to build the child's bone mass and maintain that of the mother.
An analysis of recent high-quality research reveals that diet may affect individuals' risks related to the development and progression of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The findings are published in Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology.
After analyzing data from a national US survey, researchers in China suggest that dietary fiber intake may be inversely related to depression symptoms. The results were consistent even after adjustment for a wide variety of potential confounders.
A mother's diet during pregnancy may have an effect on the composition of her baby's gut microbiome - the community of bacteria living in the gut - and the effect may vary by delivery mode, according to study published in the open access journal Microbiome.
Fortifying grain-based foods with folic acid - instituted in the U.S. in the 1990s to prevent neural tube defects in infants - may also reduce the incidence of severe mental illnesses like schizophrenia that initially appear in young adulthood.
In the last trimester of pregnancy and in the first years of life, our brain undergoes enormous growth, and the omega-3 fatty acid DHA is particularly important for the development of the brain in infants.
New research reveals a cellular mechanism by which good bacteria can help the gut stay healthy. The study, which appears in the journal Immunity, shows that good bacteria, or the microbiota, interact with both the epithelial cells lining the gut and cells of the immune system to help balance the immune responses and protect the gut from unwanted inflammation.
"The changes in the microbiota might affect how much vitamin D a person can metabolize, or how the body metabolizes vitamin D, so there are implications, but it's still early and that remains to be seen," say researchers.
Inhaling the aroma of black tea may help to lower stress levels after a stressful task and improve mood prior to experiencing mental stress, according to emerging research from Japan.
A new study suggests that when a high-fat, high-sugar diet that leads to obesity is paired with normal aging, it may contribute to the development of Alzheimer's disease. In addition, researchers discovered that certain areas of the brain respond differently to risk factors associated with Alzheimer's.
A new study reveals maternal diet during pregnancy can have dramatic implications for fetal brain development and can impact short term memory in adults.
A new study by researchers from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA) at Trinity College Dublin, Ireland, has shown for the first time that a substantial number of adults over 50 are at risk of deficiency in vitamin B12 and folate (the natural vitamin linked to the dietary supplement, folic acid).
UK vitamin D supplementation policy needs to change to protect the health and lives of babies, pregnant women and dark skinned individuals, say University of Birmingham researchers as they highlighted the death of a baby and serious ill health of two others due to a vitamin D deficiency.
As the number of mothers-to-be suffering from gestational diabetes continues to rise, experts are calling for more research to find effective nutritional therapies that can help control the condition while promoting normal baby growth.
Preconception binge drinking may have negative consequences on future offspring's growth, social interactions and development during puberty according to a rat-based study published in the Journal of the Endocrine Society.
From memory and cognitive function, to mood and a potential in people with PTSD, there’s lots of research going on for omega-3s and brain health, but what does the science currently say?