Weight gain in early pregnancy has the greatest impact on infant size at birth, according to a new study. The study is the largest ever analysis of the effect that weight gain in early pregnancy has on infant size.
The trillions of microbes in our gut can have a dramatic influence on microRNAs that regulate gene expression in parts of the brain including those related to fear and anxiety, new data suggests.
Better understanding the gastrointestinal microbiome may help psychiatrists treat mental health disorders such as depression, highlights a review in Frontiers in Psychiatry.
A large meta-analysis strengthens the long-standing conclusion that children and teens with ADHD benefit from taking regular omega-3 supplements.
In a small study that scanned the brains of teenagers while exposing them to tempting "food cues," researchers report that reduced activity in the brain's "self-regulation" system may be an important early predictor of adult obesity.
Vegetarian men are more likely to suffer depressive symptoms than omnivores, according to a new study published in Journal of Affective Disorders.
New research estimates the global prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) among children and youth.
Feeding beneficial gut bacteria with fibre appears to help a signalling mechanism which limits the growth of harmful pathogens, according to a new study published in Science.
Adequate maternal niacin intake may cut the number of babies born with congenital abnormalities, suggests a new study in The New England Journal of Medicine.
A food’s sweet taste, not just its calorie count, determines both how the metabolism reacts and the brain’s understanding of its nutritional content, new research suggests.
Malnourishment during pregnancy could have an effect on the weight of future generations, says a new study. Meaning the health of our grandmothers could affect our own growth.
A new study shows that parents' own prenatal environment has a detectable impact on their children's weight. Mothers who were malnourished in the womb tend to produce smaller babies, while a father's malnourishment in utero results in his offspring being smaller by the time they are 2 years old.
We are what we eat, and the brain is the most energy hungry organ in the body, surpassing even the heart. Surely our diets affect our thinking and our moods. But how do we prove it, and then what do we do about it?
Changes to the gut’s microbial diversity, as a result of a modern lifestyle, may be responsible for a rise in chronic diseases, such as asthma, obesity and inflammatory bowel disease, an expert suggests.