Food and Behaviour Research

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21 September 2018 - Futurity - Brain-Gut Link May Be Way Faster Than We Thought

New research with mice may upend our understanding of the connection between the gut-brain axis, as well as appetite.

21 September 2018 - The Mother and Child Foundation - Prenatal nutrition: of paramount importance

In a population of 296 mothers the red cell composition for a fatty acid – oleic acid – predicted with a confidence of 93% preterm delivery at 34 weeks and a confidence of 85% at 30 weeks. Hence this marker is also predicting risk.

20 September 2018 - MedicalXpress - Fish-rich diets may boost babies' brain development

Women could enhance the development of their unborn child's eyesight and brain function by regularly eating fatty fish during pregnancy. New research supports previous findings that show how important a prospective mother's diet and lifestyle choices are for the development of her baby.

20 September 2018 - MedicalXpress - Quitting junk food produces similar withdrawal-type symptoms as drug addiction

Trying to give up junk food can result in similar withdrawal-type symptoms to those of addicts attempting to quit using drugs. A new study evaluates the withdrawal symptoms people experience when giving up highly processed foods such as pastries, chips and pizza.

19 September 2018 - MedicalXpress - High gluten diet in pregnancy linked to increased risk of diabetes in children

A high gluten intake by mothers during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of their child developing type 1 diabetes, suggests a new study. However, the researchers say that further studies are needed to confirm or rule out these findings before any changes to dietary recommendations could be justified.

19 September 2018 - BMJ - Ban on sale of energy drinks to children

“Not recommended for children.” This is the warning on every can of energy drink sold in the UK that contains 150 mg or more of caffeine per litre. But when should a product warning turn into legislation? That’s the debate currently taking place after recent government proposals to ban the sale of caffeinated energy drinks to children and young people in England.

19 September 2018 - Health News Review - Your kitchen could hurt you, save you, or make your children overweight

Find an observational study touching on a lifestyle choice or widespread health concern… take the associations found in the study and erroneously present them with cause-and-effect language… finally, make matters worse by de-emphasizing caveats and limitations but emphasizing clickbait headlines, thereby leading readers down the path to misinformation...

18 September 2018 - BBC - Pregnancy weight gain 'going unmeasured'

Midwives are calling for official guidance on how much weight is healthy for women to put on during pregnancy. One in five women in the UK are obese when they start pregnancy, yet there is no national target for what constitutes normal pregnancy weight gain.

18 September 2018 - The Conversation - High levels of sugar in organic and children’s yogurts – new survey

In a recent survey of yogurts sold in the UK, it was found that fewer than 10% had low sugar – almost none of which were the one marketed as children’s yogurts. It was also found that organic products, usually viewed as healthier options, contained some of the highest levels of sugar.

17 September 2018 - Nutritional Outlook - Omega-3 Consumption Associated with Reduced Anxiety in New Cross-Sectional Analysis

A new cross-sectional analysis1 published in the journal Nutrients indicates that omega-3 consumption may help reduce symptoms of anxiety disorders. In the analysis, increased intake of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and fish was shown to exert a possible protective effect against anxiety.

17 September 2018 - MedicalXpress - Stress over fussy eating prompts parents to pressure or reward at mealtime

Although fussy eating is developmentally normal and transient phase for most children, the behavior can be stressful for parents. A new study published in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior found that concern over fussy eating prompts both mothers and fathers to use non-responsive feeding practices such as pressuring or rewarding for eating.

17 September 2018 - Eurekalert - Household cleaning products may contribute to kids' overweight by altering their gut microbiota

Clean eating?... Commonly used household cleaners could be making children overweight by altering their gut microbiota, says a new Canadian study.

14 September 2018 - MedicalXpress - Picky eating may mask larger issues

Many children are picky eaters, making every meal a challenge. But for some, the problem goes deeper than not liking vegetables or whole-wheat bread.

14 September 2018 - MedicalXpress - Toxic metal pollution linked with development of autism spectrum disorder

Russian researchers, together with their foreign colleagues, have demonstrated that environmental metal and metalloid pollution (lead, mercury, aluminum, and arsenic) may induce autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), and have considered possible mechanisms of exposure to these substances. The study may be useful for the prevention and therapy of ASD.

14 September 2018 - MedicalXpress - Dietary fiber reduces brain inflammation during aging

As mammals age, immune cells in the brain known as microglia become chronically inflamed. In this state, they produce chemicals known to impair cognitive and motor function. That's one explanation for why memory fades and other brain functions decline during old age. But, according to a new study from the University of Illinois, there may be a remedy to delay the inevitable: dietary fibre.

14 September 2018 - Futurity - Obesity can boost your risk of asthma

Obesity changes how airway muscles function, which increases the risk of developing asthma, a new study suggests.

13 September 2018 - The Conversation - Low-carb versus high-carb – is the evidence really contradictory?

It isn’t surprising that people are confused about nutrition when the media presents different findings as gladiatorial battles: vegetarian versus carnivore, high-fat versus low-fat diets and, more recently, low-carb diets versus high-carb. But, when you dig down into the data, many of these studies are reporting surprisingly similar things – and this is the case with the latest studies reporting on carbohydrates and health.

13 September 2018 - Futurity - High blood sugar in pregnancy ups child’s obesity risk

A pregnant woman’s high blood sugar level is linked to a significantly greater long-term risk of obesity in her child - even more than a decade later, a new study reports. The higher the woman’s blood sugar, the greater the risk of her child being obese.

11 September 2018 - MedicalXpress - Global nutrition group issues first-ever consensus criteria for diagnosing malnutrition

Evidence of malnutrition can be seen broadly around the world, with the World Health Organization reporting 1.9 billion adults who are overweight or obese and 462 million adults who are underweight.

11 September 2018 - The Conversation - Myth: healthy food is more expensive than unhealthy food

The younger generation is especially affected by high-calorie, low-nutrition foods. High levels of sugar, fat and salt put children at increased risk of type 2 diabetes and heart disease, not to mention tooth extraction. Perhaps more worryingly, habits formed in childhood seem to stick for life.