Food and Behaviour Research

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Intake of vitamin E, vitamin C, and carotenoids and the risk of Parkinson's disease: a meta-analysis

Etminan M, Gill SS, Samii A (2005) Lancet Neurology 4(6) 362-365 

Web URL: View this and related abstracts via PubMed here.


We studied the effect of vitamin C, vitamin E,and ß carotene intake on the risk of Parkinson's disease (PD).

We did a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies published between 1966 and March 2005 searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library. Eight studies were identified (six case-control, one cohort, and one cross-sectional). We found that dietary intake of vitamin E protects against PD. This protective influence was seen with both moderate intake (relative risk 0·81, 95% CI 0·67-0·98) and high intake (0·78, 0·57-1·06) of vitamin E, although the possible benefit associated with high intake of vitamin E was not significant. The studies did not suggest any protective effects associated with vitamin C or ß carotene.

We conclude that dietary vitamin E may have a neuroprotective effect attenuating the risk of PD. These results require confirmation in randomised controlled trials.