Etminan M, Gill SS, Samii A (2005) Lancet Neurology 4(6) 362-365
We studied the effect of vitamin C, vitamin E,and ß carotene intake on the risk of Parkinson's disease (PD).
We did a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies published between 1966 and March 2005 searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library. Eight studies were identified (six case-control, one cohort, and one cross-sectional). We found that dietary intake of vitamin E protects against PD. This protective influence was seen with both moderate intake (relative risk 0·81, 95% CI 0·67-0·98) and high intake (0·78, 0·57-1·06) of vitamin E, although the possible benefit associated with high intake of vitamin E was not significant. The studies did not suggest any protective effects associated with vitamin C or ß carotene.
We conclude that dietary vitamin E may have a neuroprotective effect attenuating the risk of PD. These results require confirmation in randomised controlled trials.