Food and Behaviour Research

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Mental health interventions in schools in low-income and middle-income countries

Fazel M, Patel V, Thomas S, Tol W (2014) The Lancet Psychiatry 1 (5) 388 - 398 Elsevier Ltd

Web URL: Please read the full text research paper on The Lancet website here

Abstract:

Increasing enrolment rates could place schools in a crucial position to support mental health in low-income and middle-income countries. In this Review, we provide evidence for mental health interventions in schools in accordance with a public mental health approach spanning promotion, prevention, and treatment. We identified a systematic review for mental health promotion, and identified further prevention and treatment studies. Present evidence supports schools as places for promotion of positive aspects of mental health using a whole-school approach. Knowledge of effectiveness of prevention and treatment interventions is more widely available for conflict-affected children and adolescents. More evidence is needed to identify the many elements likely to be associated with effective prevention and treatment for children exposed to a range of adversity and types of mental disorders. Dissemination and implementation science is crucial to establish how proven effective interventions could be scaled up and implemented in schools.