Cypriot scientists have discovered a new treatment for wet macular degeneration which involves taking high doses of omega-3 fatty acids which improve visual acuity and visual field three months after the beginning of treatment.
Rezende et al., 2014 - Omega-3 Supplementation Combined With Anti-Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Lowers Vitreal Levels of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor in Wet Age-Related Macular Degeneration.
“We have achieved a new treatment here at the institute; this new treatment, not only protects the eyes from vision loss, but also improves the patient’s vision,” Georgiou, who is chief ophthalmologist at the Nicosia-based Institute of Research and Education Ophthalmos told the Cyprus Mail.
The age-related macular degeneration is a serious visual disorder that may lead to the loss of central vision, that would normally allow a person to recognise faces, read, drive and do other everyday activities. While dry macular degeneration is the most common form of disease and leads to a gradual reduction of central vision loss, the wet form is the most serious one, as it can lead to a sudden vision loss and ultimately to blindness.
Georgiou said that macular degeneration comes from small inflammations, which destroy the cells on the patient’s retina. High doses of omega-3 fatty acids taken by a patient in liquid form through the mouth slowly remove the inflammation and lead to a gradual recovery of the cells.