New research may explain why vitamin D is vital for brain health, and how deficiency leads to disorders including depression and schizophrenia.
New research suggests that when people boost their fat intake to 40 percent of their daily diet for six months, the number of "good" gut bacteria decreases while "unhelpful" bacteria amounts increases.
Like many other medical conditions, the mechanism of multiple sclerosis remains an enigma - a puzzle composed of complex genetic and environmental factors. A key piece to this puzzle is the immune system, which is also responsible for regulating many other physiological (and pathological) phenomena - including allergies.
New research proves a causal link between the composition of the microbiome and the risk for type 2 diabetes. ‘This means that we can now use our technique to study the cause and effect relationship for many other microbiome features and diseases', the researchers comment.
Eating a diet high in fat and low in carbohydrates can lead to changes in the gut at the microbiome level that could lead to the development of metabolic disorders, according to new study results.
Among post-menopausal women, drinking multiple diet drinks daily was associated with an increase in the risk of having a stroke caused by a blocked artery, according to research.
Two recent studies have received a lot of attention for showing the significant role that diet can play in treating depression - the SMILES trial and the HELFIMED study.
Adolescents suffer sleep problems, anxiety and heart palpitations as a result of caffeine intake via energy drinks, Norwegian Food Safety Authority says
Intakes of most vitamins and minerals have taken a nosedive since 2008, leading to an increase in deficiencies of key nutrients including vitamin A, fibre and iron, according to the UK’s latest National Diet and Nutrition Survey.
Study finds that the gut microbiomes of people with schizophrenia differ to those of people without the mental disorder.
Compounds found in fish oil prevent pregnancy complications, including preterm birth, neonatal death, and stillbirth, in mice when the complications are caused by a common oral bacteria, according to new research.
New study underlines importance of dietary fruit and veg for good mental health.
There is growing evidence that at least in some patients with Parkinson's disease, the disease may begin in the gut.
Lasting changes in the brain caused by drinking that starts in adolescence are the result of epigenetic changes that alter the expression of a protein crucial for the formation and maintenance of neural connections in the amygdala - the part of the brain involved in emotion, fear and anxiety.
Intakes of long chain omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA amongst pregnant women in the USA was found to be less than one-fifth of the recommended 520 mg/day EPA+DHA, according to data published in Nutrients.
A recent study looking at links between fruit and veg consumption and mental health has limitations. This type of observational study can't tell us whether the fruit and veg consumption actually causes improved mental wellbeing. While the longitudinal design and the adjustment for potential confounding factors helps to make the results more robust, there may be something else unaccounted for at play here. The possibility that people who feel happier are more likely to choose healthier food, for example, cannot be ruled out.
An analysis of data from almost 46,000 people has found that weight loss, nutrient boosting and fat reduction diets can all reduce the symptoms of depression.
Study finds a link between Celiac Disease and a higher incidence of disordered eating behaviour during adolescence and young adulthood.
More news from the gut-brain axis: research opens door to possible treatments for depression based on probiotics.
Scientists working on the gut microbiome have discovered and isolated more than 100 completely new species of bacteria from healthy people's intestines. The study has created the most comprehensive collection of human intestinal bacteria to date. The new resource will help researchers worldwide to investigate how our microbiome keeps us healthy, and its role in disease.